Extinct for thousands of years, the woolly mammoth continues to fascinate humanity, as the prospect of eventually reviving the species is pondered among the scientific community. Now, a new study suggests that the giant creatures and mankind's ancestors, the Neanderthals, may have shared genetic features.
The study, published by Tel Aviv University researchers, suggests that because of their shared geography, mammoths and neanderthals probably had Similar molecular characteristics that allowed them to adapt to their harsh environmental surroundings.
"Neanderthals and mammoths lived together in Europe during the Ice Age." The evidence suggests that Neanderthals hunted and ate mammoths for tens of thousands of years and were physically dependent "There are calories extracted from mammoths for their successful adaptation," Professor Ran Barke said in a statement.
COULD REVIVING WOOLLY MAMMOTH GENES FIGHT THE EFFECTS OF GLOBAL WARMING?
Barkai continued: "Neanderthals depended on Mammoths for their very existence. They say you are what you eat. This was especially true of Neanderthals; they ate mammoths but wer e apparently also genetically similar to mammoths. "
The research looked at the three cases of varying genes and alleles ̵
Kislev continued:" We believe these types of connections can be of value to you. "
Kislev continued:" We believe these types of connections can be valuable to future evolutionary research. They are especially interesting when they involve other large-brained mammals with long life spans, complex social behavior and their interactions in shared habitats with early humans. "
FROZEN WOOLLY MAMMOTH FOUND IN SIBERIA COULD BE NEW SPECIES, RESEARCHERS SAY
"There is a genetic similarities between evolutionary adaptation paths in Neanderthals and Mammoths?" Bars added.
SCIENTISTS WANT TO CLONE THIS EXTINCT, FROZEN PREHISTORIC HORSE
Woolly Mammoth Advances
] There has been renewed vigor recently for reintroducing the woolly mammoth into the wild after CBS's "60 Minutes" interviewed Russian scientist Sergey Zimov. The 63-year-old Zimov is trying to recreate the temperatures of the last Ice Age and help to combat climate change, possibly with the help of mammoths.
As part of his plan for Pleistocene Park, a nature preserve in Siberia, Zimov wants to stop or slow the carbon dioxide being released from the permafrost in the area, which he believes could be catastrophic to the planet. "This is a warning to the world, because organic matter in the permafrost, plants and animals, has been frozen for hundreds of thousands of years," Zimov told the news outlet. "As it thaws, microbes consume that organic matter and release carbon dioxide and methane, greenhouse gases that contribute to a warmer climate."
Zimov hopes to reintroduce animals to the area, including bison, lions, horses and potentially mammoths, with the help of Harvard professor George Church, if he gets his way.
Zimov's son , Nikita, was asked if the mammoth was needed for the project, to which he replied: "It's like, do you need your right arm to live and do your job? No, you do not need it, but with your arm, You will do it better. So, the same with mammoth. "
Although the mammoth, which went extinct more than 4,000 years ago due in part to the changing climate and human hunters, is not likely to return anytime soon, there have been Some recent advances.
Last month, researchers were able to implant cells from a woolly mammoth that died 28,000 years ago in the mouse cells and have them show "signs of biological [activity]." However, the researchers cautioned that it is unlikely that extinct creatures will walk the Earth again anytime soon.
CAN THE LONG-EXTINCT WOOLLY MAMMOTH BE CLONED?
The research, published in Scientific Reports, details
"This suggests that, despite the years that have passed, cell activity can still happen and parts of it can be recreated. , "Kei Miyamoto, a member of the team who conducted the work, said in an interview with AFP.
Despite Miyamoto's comments, some researchers are trying to bring the mammoth back with the use of gene edit, including controversial CRISPR gene editorial chair
The Church, a Harvard and MIT geneticist and co-founder of CRISPR, is the head of the Harvard Woolly Mammoth Revival team, a project that is attempting to introduce mammoth genes into the Asian elephant for conservation
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"The elephants that lived in the past – and the elephants in the future – knocked down the trees and allowed the cold air to hit the ground and "Church told Live Science in May 2018." These two [factors] combined could result in a huge cooling of the soil and a rich ecosystem . "