Donald Trump Jr., the son of the president, seemed to have called impressive teachers during a speech last month in El Paso, Texas, when he rejected "those vulnerable teachers who are trying to sell you from socialism from birth"
Each of these situations is unique and has its own local problems, but each of them also shares the main problem of how America should compensate its teachers and bring up their children.
National Takeover, according to Randy Weingarten, president of the American federation. Teachers that schools have been underfinanced for many years, that teachers were enough, and that parents are behind them.
"Nobody thinks the blow is the first resort," she said. "This is the last resort: nobody suffers from a strike, but they get to him."
The salaries of teachers across the country are decreasing over the last decades. According to the National Center for Educational Statistics, which compared the average annual salary of teachers since 1
969, wages in the US as a whole increased during this time, according to inflation data. Pew Statistics Review BLS.
In some states where there have been recent strikes, such as Arizona and North Carolina, salaries have dropped by more than 10% before teachers struggled to increase.
is much more in a place like Oakland, where teachers are now spectacular and the topic in the reports from the city that teachers can not afford to live there anymore. This is not too far from the frustration with the inequality of the local reaction and activism that has forced Amazon from its plans to build part of its HQ2 in Long Island City, New York.
But the average salary does not tell the whole story According to a study by Silvia Allegretto of UK Berkeley and Lawrence Michel at the Institute of Economic Policy, an analytical center focused on low and middle income workers. They documented a reduction in teachers' salaries compared to other educated workers. Referring to this "salary pension" erosion, they argue that female teachers make up 15.6% less than comparatively educated women and that male teachers make up 26.8% less than comparatively educated men. It is true that teachers in most places receive better benefits than many other workers, but the benefits represent the greater part of their compensation than other employees and are not enough to compensate for their lower wages. In the states with the highest penal sanctions for teachers, they found – Arizona, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Colorado and Virginia – all experienced protests or strikes in 2018. But there is a salary of teachers in each state, according to their study. California as a state has among the lowest salary penalties, but Los Angeles and Auckland are also one of the highest living expenses in the country.
More important in Allegretto and Mishel is that governments chose tax cuts for teachers, since most states with the largest reduction in education funding introduced tax cuts between 2008 and 2016.
NPR profiles a 2016 year teacher in Oklahoma, who became an activist for additional funding for education before finally deciding to leave the state for neighboring Texas. Financing education in Oklahoma per student is one of the lowest in the country and does not keep pace with inflation.
And this is not just salaries that have teachers. In West Virginia, after a successful salary strike last year, teachers picked up this year's fight against the charter school law.
Weingarten says that the brilliance of choosing a school has disappeared in recent years.
"The brilliant thing is no longer brilliant," she says. And for her, the beginning of this new wave of teacher activity goes back to the appointment of Trump Betsy DeVos, his secretary of education. DeVos was looking for more federal funding for things like private school vouchers, and less for public school systems.
This is not a traditionally partisan issue. Some Democrats, like Senator New Jersey Cory Booker, are proud that the only resident of the city who runs for president was a supporter of school choice programs.
In Auckland this year, apart from 12% of pay increases over three years, they want more support as consultants and nurses for students. The district says that this hack can not afford more than an increase of 5% when three quarters of its students get help buying a dinner.
Conservatives like Josh McGee of the Manhattan Institute argue that the professor's benefits – in particular, pensions – are to blame because they are spending the most of their educational dollars. Although the cost of education has been reduced over the years of the Great Recession, they indicate that it has been growing for decades.
As Neil McCluskey notes from the CATO Institute, after the Great Recession the education was spent on one student, but since the 1970s, the cost of education for students has more than doubled.
They point to an increase in privileges for teachers as a reason for current shortcomings.
Weingarten argues that schools do much more than provide food for poor children to school education.
"We expect public schools to do everything right now," she says. "We expected that they would basically be the only institution in America that deals with the aspirations of each child."
The decline of the power of the Union
This is also the story of the unions. Teachers' unions are striking in each of these places.
There are two branches that continue to see an extremely strong representation in the United States. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, security services (police, firefighters) and educational professions represent more than 37% of employees, much more than any other occupation.
Labor statistics are approaching even up to 20% representation of trade unions. More than a third of workers in the public sector at the federal, state and local levels are represented by trade unions.
22 States, which still allowed trade unions to levy charges from non-members who took advantage of their collective bargaining, were struck by the Supreme Court. The decision in 2018 that these meetings violated the First Amendment. The power of trade unions in the public sector, as a consequence, may decrease in the coming years.
Do not look farther than Wisconsin, where after the government government restricted collective bargaining for civil servants in 2011 – which at that time led to protests and, ultimately, failed to recall the then Government. Scott Walker – The teacher's salary has dropped by more than 2% over the course of a number of years, and the teacher's payout dropped sharply by more than 18%, according to a 2016 report by the center-left American Progress Center
. adapted to the decision of the Supreme Court, which presented them with an existential threat, focusing more on the feeling of community among teachers.
"We have been prepared in such a way that we fundamentally transformed our unions with the subject that most of our members saw.
Public support of teachers, mixed support of voters for funding
Restrictions of force Unions in West Virginia did not stop there teachers in 2016. No in Oklahoma, which, because it strikes last year, considers the legislation unlawful for teachers to get away from work.
Part of the reason for this is Americans tend to support teachers according to with a recent survey Seventy-eight percent of Americans say teachers do not make enough money, reports Associated Press / NORC, and nineteen percent said that teachers receive the right amount, while 6% say they are too much. This is an increase in Americans, who think that teachers are underpaid, it was 57% in a similar survey conducted by AP in 2010.
Almost all Democrats, almost 90%, stated that teachers do not receive enough money in the AR survey, compared with 78% of independent and Still hard 66% of the majority of the Republic.
Most support – but barely – 52% – among Americans for teachers who leave their classes for a strike.
However, support for the real financing of education may be mixed, especially on a state scale. Voters in Colorado in November rejected the biggest offer to increase state taxes of $ 1.6 billion to finance public schools. Voters also turned down funding in Missouri, Oklahoma and Utah. But according to a review by the Center for American Progress, voters in other states, including Maryland, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Maine, Montana and New Mexico, approved $ 884 million in new state revenues. Electors of Georgia switched to raising funds through a referendum on sales tax
Even more money was spent on education at the local level. In Wisconsin alone, in spite of staff cuts throughout the year, 77 local voter initiatives were approved by voters in November this year, according to Milwaukee magazine. Voters approved an increase in local property taxes, for example, in an area outside Milwaukee, and add more than a billion to funding education throughout the state.
See that this issue played its part in 2020. in strikes His father, somewhat incredibly, did not dare to strike, but made socialism a key element of his step against the Democrats. Some Democrats gathered for the Green New Agreement proposal, which includes mentioning new protection for union workers and a much broader debate on the role that the government should play in everyday life.