Main e-mail newsletters
Receive alerts and special reports. Important news and stories were delivered on the mornings on weekdays.
By Phil McCoulland and Dan de Luces
An older North Korean official says his country faces a decline in food supplies and is forced to reduce the diet for its people
The letter, written by Kim Swan, North Korean Ambassador to the United Nations, seems to be an unusual recognition that the country lacks enough food to feed its people, a situation in which Kim is accused of combining natural disasters and a regime of sanctions, which complicates the receipt of salt electrical engineering.
Song said that the North Korean government urgently needed assistance from international organizations in order to feed its people.
NBC News from the Mission of the United Nations in the country
Kim's demands are difficult to verify, and his government has not always been a reliable source of internal statistics. According to him, the food assessment conducted at the end of last year in connection with the United Nations World Food Program showed that the country produced 503 thousand tons of food less than in 201
The Food Agency could not immediately confirm that the organization conducted an assessment with North Korea or the conclusions that the country shared in the note.
In a request for food aid from international organizations, however, the note states that the "Restriction of the supply of agricultural materials in need is another important reason" that the country faces a deficit that has forced it to cut "per capita food packages for seven blue or white collars "from 550 grams to 300 grams in January.
] "In general, this confirms that humanitarian assistance from UN agencies is highly politicized and as barbaric and inhuman sanctions," the memo says.
It is anticipated that the country plans to increase imports of food and crop early this year. In the memory, it is said that North Korea is still faced with a shortage of food and can only increase the diet by 10 grams in July.
This unusual reception from a country that seeks for the Mystery came only before President Donald Trump is preparing to meet with North Korea's leader Kim Jong Unem next week in Atom. The White House is hoping for pressure on Kim to rid the country of nuclear weapons.
Experts warned, however, that claims for serious deficits could be negotiation tactics on the eve of a two-day summit.
acknowledging the weakness, but this is not without a plan, "said Dr. Victor Cha, who worked as a director of Asian affairs at the National Security Council during the Bush administration.
Cha said that North Korea may feel that it has some impetus to persuade Trump to weaken sanctions against her, especially with South Korea, China and Russia, who are "at the door of the United States."
But in order for the United States to blink in a confrontation next week, the Trump administration will have to
"They want to depart from North Korea, but I do not think that the North Koreans are very much abandoned," Cha said. "When we talk about any sanctions, but many experts will say that the place where the least harm can be done, and the best for the North Korean people, are humanitarian sanctions."
25 million people in North Korea, 10.3 million or 41 percent of the population, have been affected by food insecurity, and 10.1 million are suffering from malnutrition, according to a UN report in March 2018.
In an attempt to increase pressure on Kim mode and its nuclear program, the Trump administration has increased sanctions that have essentially blocked the flow of International Humanitarian Assistance to North Korea, according to a report from Reuters in August. The humanitarian assistance of the USA in 2018 has decreased by almost 57% in comparison with the previous year, informs Wright.
Although it is obvious that North Korea receives less aid, it is more than unusual for them to publicly admit that sanctions work and cause
The White House National Security Council and the State Department did not immediately respond to requests for comments.
North Korea previously recognized shortages of food, appealed to humanitarian aid and accused of international sanctions for creating problems for their agricultural products, experts and former US officials said.
In recent decades, the country has been repeatedly experiencing food crises through a combination of ineffective collectivist methods of farming and bad weather. The devastating famine in the mid-1990s claimed lives of up to three million people, and some aid experts called it one of the worst Holodomor of the 20th century.
Last year, the Trump administration stopped issuing visas to humanitarian workers who were traveling to North Korea to help farmers and medical care in a country where malaria and tuberculosis are endemic. Assistance groups wrote a letter to the administration in October arguing that the block of visas violates international law, will exacerbate the terrible humanitarian situation in the country, and this will only undermine any Washington diplomatic initiative
. easing the restrictions to allow them to resume their work in the North.
Daniel Jasper, Advocacy Coordinator for the American Friendship Service Committee, a charity Quaker who has been conducting humanitarian work in North Korea for decades, said that sanctions and how they were used were "inhibiting our operations."
As a consequence of sanctions, it is justified to conclude that food security will be ", – said Jasper.
Even if North Korea manages its resources more efficiently, it does not have enough arable land to feed its population to about 24 million people, Jasper said. Most of the fertile land of the Korean Peninsula lies in South Korea.
"Separation always affects food security in the North," he said. a nuclear food aid program that requires additional assistance as a condition for negotiating.
A new note meets Pyongyang's tactics "to weaken the sanctions regime by addressing humanitarian issues," said Jung Pak, a former CIA officer and now a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution.
"Despite the fact that the regime imports hundreds of millions of dollars for luxury, he consistently blames the United States and the United Nations for their problems," she said.
Sue Mi Terry, who traces North Korea as an analyst of the CIA. She believes that the regime is preparing its way to the upcoming summit. This is the main thing they are looking for, "said Terry, now Senior Researcher at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. – They lay the foundation for this meeting with Trump. That makes sense. "
The Trump administration is likely to be open for expansion of humanitarian relief benefits, as it will be something specific that it can offer Pyongyang without the need to completely abolish economic sanctions before North Korea makes significant concessions over its nuclear weapons
This may to be "one of the results at this second summit," said Terry.