Newly arrived US citizens are rising from their seats during the 201
8 naturalization ceremony in Alexandria, Virginia.
Claire Harbinger / NPR
Claire Harbage / NPR
Newly arrived US citizens rose from their seats during the 2018 naturalization ceremony in Alexandria, Virginia.
Claire Harbinger / NPR
The Supreme Court agreed to decide whether the Trump administration could add citizenship to the census by 2020. The decision gives the administration a request for the immediate review of the decision of the lower court, which has stopped the plans for this issue. The hearing is expected to take place in April.
The question asks: "Is this person a citizen of the United States?"
Trump Administration enters into a lawsuit with dozens of states, cities and other groups that do not want the question to appear on forms of constitutional status of the head of every person living in the United States
The Census Bureau did not address all of households on the status of US citizenship for almost 70 years, although households have a question of citizenship regarding a smaller survey of the Census Bureau, which is now known as a poll of the American community
Referring to the study of the Bureau the population register, the groups that filed a complaint, claim that the question about the status of citizenship suppresses the participation of the census among households with non-citizens. This could lead to a lack of immigrants and color communities, which will have serious consequences on how political power and federal funding will be distributed over the next decade. There is increasing pressure to resolve all these disputes by June, so that the printing of paper questionnaires for the census may continue as planned.
Counting population from the census determines the number of seats in the Congress and the votes of the electoral college that each state receives. They also target the distribution of approximately $ 880 billion a year in federal dollars and local communities for Medicare, schools and other public services.
The decision of the Supreme Court came a month after the American district judge Jesse Furman of New York ordered the administration to stop its plans to include the issue in question. Furman's decision on two main lawsuits in Manhattan was the first decision of the great court of seven lawsuits, with the decision of the Trump administration to add the issue of citizenship to the census.
<img src = "https://media.npr.org/assets/img/2018/12/18/ap_18128650898172_sq-a82b9c6f137d8b41aa5b50334baf80043b5ab4dc-s100-c15.jpg data-original =" https: //media.npr " .org / assets / img / 2018/12/18 / ap_18128650898172_sq-a82b9c6f137d8b41aa5b50334baf80043b5ab4dc-s100.jpg "class =" img lazyOnLoad "alt =" Obstacles remain as the last countdown begins for the census by 2020  The administration claims that the Ministry Justice wants answers to a question to better comply with part of the Voice Act.
In his 277-page opinion, Furman concluded that this was not the "real reason" of the Secretary of Commerce, Wilbur Ross, who oversees the Bureau of the Census, with praised the inclusion of the census question The judge ruled that Ross's decision would be "arbitrary and capricious," partly because the addition of the issue was less effective and more expensive than the alternative method of the Bureau of the Census recommended Ross – the compilation of existing government records on citizenship.
Ross made a "real buffet of classical, clear" violations of administrative law, including false declarations of citizenship.
Ross said that the Ministry of Justice "initiated" a request for this question. But judicial evidence suggests that after discussing the issue with Steve Bennon, former White House chief strategist and former Secretary of State for Kansas, Chris Kobach, Ross exerted pressure on his employees at the Department of Commerce to get an official request for questions from the Ministry of Justice.
In an unusual time, lawyers of the Trump Administration appealed to Furman's court to the 2nd District of Appeal of the United States before appealing to the Supreme Court to get around 2 outline
In addition to the two leading lawsuits in New York, district judges deal with citizenship cases in California, Maryland and Washington, DC.
Internal documents issued in court cases show that the Trump administration was prepared to defend the addition of the issue of citizenship to a higher court in the country.
"On this issue, the Supreme Court will have to be diligent in the preparation of an administrative record," the official spokesman for the trade department of Earl Comstock wrote to Ross in a letter of 2017.
"We have to be very careful about everything, whether it really can end up – replied Ros.