A year after suffering from low wages and high health care costs, teachers in West Virginia faced an omnibus bill that could introduce charter schools and savings accounts for education within state reform of education.
Jarrad Henderson, USA TODAY
DELBARTON, U.V. – The son of a miner studied the history of his inequality, wrote his dissertation, taught high school students.
Now, Eric Starr, who knew that history was never repeated, felt that history was doing it exactly. And he was part of him.
Standing at a secret meeting, similar to those held by miners a century ago, dressed in black, besides a red bandan, similar to those worn by miners, he called his teachers to school.
"I'm not coming back," he said. "We are sold!"
Eric Starr is one of many teachers who helped strike Ming County in West Virginia. After a year, not much has changed. (Photo 11: Jarrad Henderson, USA TODAY)
This was the last winter. The Mingo County teachers – without any legal right to strike, no encouragement from their alliance and little prospect of victory – became the first in West Virginia, who voted for their health plan and their payment.
On February 22, 2018, teachers throughout West Virginia strike, causing a movement that spread to other red states, including Oklahoma and Arizona, and later this year to Los Angeles and Denver. On Thursday, teachers plan a strike in Auckland, California.
But in West Virginia in 2018, a strike that has changed at the national level has not changed as much as it began. And on Tuesday, teachers from West Virginia again made a strike – just in order to save the status quo.
Starr sees irony.
"I like to see what is happening elsewhere," he says. He is 28 years old, in the fourth year of study. "But West Virginia may be a slow place to change."
When West Virginia strike ended 7 March, this seemed a great victory for public school teachers who for many years were accused of widespread failure of the American in particular, for schools in West Virginia
But the story, even if it is repeated, is not so simple. In the heritage of 2018, there are still doubts.
- State promise to you a dividend source of funding for health insurance for civil servants – the main strike strike – remains unfulfilled
- Despite the 5% increase, teachers' salaries remain distant, and for neighboring states there is discrepancy, which explains why a year has begun with 700 vacancies in the classroom or 4 Percentage of Government Power Teachers.
- The placement did not increase the number of school professionals, such as counselors and nurses, to help students with seven people who are suffering from an opioid epidemic in the state.
- Teacher's vows during the strike "to recall in November" gave only mixed results. The Republicans, most of whom opposed the teacher's requirements, retained control of both houses in the legislature. This year they revived the proposals that helped push the 2018 strike. Teachers and servicemen started striking again.
Tuesday's exit closed schools in almost every county of West Virginia. This is the victory of the teachers.
But, as teachers say, they are still waiting for those politicians who will show them respect. Suspicious leaders of the Republican Party, teachers are struck again on Wednesday to ensure that lawmakers do not revive this bill. Almost all schools are closed .
Teachers in America: No matter where they work, they are contemptuous
Jennyerin Table Staats, a Jackson special education teacher, holds a sign on the West Virginia Capitol Street on the fourth day of national strikes in 2018. (Photo 11: Craig Hudson, Charleston Gazette-Mail via AP)
If the strike last year was not revolutionary, it was wonderful.
At a time when organized work seems to be in a terminal decline, the national movement of public school teachers came from the coal deposits of southern West Virginia, one of America's most isolated and conservative corners.
At a time when political partisan commitment reaches its peak – and despite the democratic inclination of teacher unions, the strike united Clinton and Trump voters. It was a political unicorn: the "liberal" reason that the conservatives acted.
But this was not an anomaly. The children here are brought up on the stories of battles between miners and mine companies in what became known under the name "Bloody Ming".
But these old passions may not have been revived without weapons, which were never used by miners – social media.
On January 6, 2018, the teacher posted innocent questions on the Facebook page: "It's just curious if there is
Soon talked about more
Welcome to the Rhine State
Jay O'Neill – Teacher of Social Sciences High School, who moved to West Virginia in 2015. After the first year, he realized that due to the increased costs of health insurance, he Accept home $ 450 less than in the previous year.
Teachers across the country lost their land economically during and after the Great Recession, when states reduced their education costs. West Virginia, whose signed coal mining industry collapsed, ranked 48th in teachers' salaries to strike, according to the National Association of Education.
However, learning in West Virginia has become harder as students received more help, partly because of the opioid crisis. Many of them are in the family where there are no biological parents, and teachers sometimes have to find ways to keep their children on weekends, or return them back. One of the students, Neil found her father with a needle in his hand, from overdose.
west va (photo 11: usat)
O'Neill was not born in the culture of a strike in West Virginia. To join members of two major state trade unions, the University of West Virginia and the West Virginia Competitive Federation of Teachers
. The State Agency of Health Insurance of Public Servants announced a new round of savings. A one-seven-year bonus to cover the family's total household income, not just a teacher. Another was a health program that would effectively punish those who did not do such things as providing personal biometric data, going to the gym, or wearing a Fitbit similar tracker.
The program was an anathema to well-known independent western Virgins. What is a business counter that my husband does? Or what do I weigh?
Nil heard a lot of tearing in the teachers lounge, but little or nothing publicly or on Facebook. The page of his teachers was only about 1000 members. "I do not understand," he said to a friend. "Nothing happens".
It was as if the "strike" was a dirty word. "Everyone thought about it," recalls Eric Starr.
The fact that someone was Rachel Kottel, a 32-year-old teacher of special education with no wonder strange – coal fields. However, she did not feel tricky. It was amazing what she and her colleagues were talking about.
Shortly after his post on January 6 – "Any talk about a spectacular one?" – Niel received a message from his friend: "You looked at Facebook?" TUTORIAL TEMPORARY: Showed "The Power of Women"
There was a request from Kitty, followed by an explosion of comments. The first was disrespectful: " Allies are scared and teachers do not want to. "" But there were other voices:
- "Not all teachers."
- "While you take it without protest, they will continue to give it to you."
- "Teachers started strike in 1990. How was it organized? "
The Neil could not keep up with the requests to join the group.
The strike rose after Governor Jim Justys, who was elected Democrat with trade union support, became a Republican, to support Trump, offered only 1 percent to rise in his state
Dale Lee, president of the VVAA, felt compelled to turn to this topic at the Martin Luther King Summit. Teachers awaiting a call to the barricade were disappointed. 19659005] "I heard that many people "It's time to strike, it's time to strike," Lee said. "This is not the first step that we have to do to achieve our goals."
But this was a battle in which trade union leaders
Eric Starr talks to his class about economic systems at the Tugg Valley High School in Williamson, U.V. (Photo 11: Jarrad Henderson, USA TODAY)
It began in coma fields
On January 23, the Mingong County teachers became the first in the state to decide to skip school for a day to go to the state capital for protest. Several other southern Hungarian counties quickly followed this example.
Without the right to strike or collective bargaining, teachers' trade unions became more practiced by lobbying civil servants who set up compensation for their members to resist them. Now they were trying to catch up with the line. The WVFT officer reported Charleston Gazette-Mail that the trade union does not know how many counties have decided to leave, but sends staff members to a district meeting to find out what's going on. At Fed Up, co-educated coalition educators gathered in the Charleston Rotunda capital to test. When they chanted, they watched their colleagues across the state.
A month later, on February 22, after another one-day strike and nationwide voting, 20,000 teachers left.
The school was closed in all 55 districts. Superintendents, who are already faced with a lack of teachers, did not have enough teens to hold classes. Teachers will never lose their wages. When the Attorney General stated that the strike was unlawful and offered to go to court on behalf of the district school boards, he did not receive any supporters.
The days of the strike, the governor and trade union leaders who have discussed, announced a settlement, including a 5 per cent increase. They told the teachers to return to work two days later, on March 1.
But the leaders of the Republican Senate did not sign. no consultations were held with the council; and the governor, according to some teachers, was the owner of a coal company. "We did not fall for his word," says Kettle. Teachers outside the capital chanted: "Let's go back to the table!" And "We sold out!"
At the district meetings, as Mingogh, where Eric Starr spoke, the agreed line. They did not come back – they went wild cats.
Meanwhile, in Arizona, Teacher Noah Carveris launched a Facebook page, as in West Virginia. Most of his colleagues supported a strike in his state, he chirped, "especially with the success of WV."
He created an event on Facebook that urged the teachers of Arizona to wear red: "West Virginia shows the whole country what happens when teachers stand in solidarity."
Finally, the Republican Senate of West Virginia has agreed to a 5% increase for all civil servants And the governor promised to freeze premiums for 18 months, to create a working group to find a special source of health insurance, on December 7, after nine school days canceled, teachers returned to the classroom
But teachers from elsewhere Their states began to emerge April 2 in Oklahoma and some districts of Kentucky April 26, Arizona, April 27, Colorado On May 16, North Carolina teachers arranged a one-day takeoff and rally.
encourages RedforEd in the state of Capitol in Phoenix May 3. (Photo 11: Cheryl Evans / Republic)
A glass is half empty?
A year later, it's easy to emphasize what the West Virginia teacher has not hit.
The rise, which averaged about $ 2,000 per teacher, hardly changed life. This allows faculty to pay bills or pay some loans, or maybe buy a car. But their colleagues continue to flee to more highly paid areas in other states. Mingo High School, for example, has been trying to replace her choir director since May, who has gone to a similar job in Ohio, who has paid another $ 10,000. No one even applied for a vacant post.
Regarding health insurance, the governor has offered $ 150 million in the state budget to stabilize workers' costs. But so far no agreement has been reached on how to isolate such funding from the annual budget process.
The political legacy of the strike is also unclear. Some teachers are guilty of not having mobilized enough relatives and friends to vote; some say that the teachers themselves did not come out in sufficient numbers, reviving memories of self-complacency before the strike, which disappointed activists like O'Neill.
Whatever the reason, the failure of teachers in November to select more supporters in the legislature, came
Wide bill on education, which prompted Tuesday to hold back, would give mentors a further 5% increase, but also allowed the state to create its first charter schools. This would allow parents to take taxpayers' money to teach their child to a public school and spend on such options as a private school. Such were the questions that stood after the 2018 strike.
Teachers had to strike again to kill legislation that was not even adopted. They gained victory in order not to worsen their situation.
Teachers and school staff celebrate in the West Virginia Capitol after the House of Delegates voted for an indefinite term in the controversial draft law on education on Tuesday. (Photo 11: Craig Hudson, AP)
Old miners strike against owners of mines. Today, public teachers are ultimately stranded against taxpayers, personal or commercial. Taxpayers are voters, and voters say they are high teacher salaries. They also say they are against higher taxes.
Speaking about the nation
In one sense, the strike did not so much revive the history as it changed.
With the fall of coal, a region that once became famous for sometimes discussing independence, it became synonymous with fatalistic acceptance of the status quo and dependence on welfare, from food stamps to disability payments.
The strike, however, unexpectedly put West Virginia in the avant-guard of the middle working class.
Mingho's high school teacher Robin Ellis is a Republican, but she helped lead teachers in West Virginia. She is the daughter of an 83-year-old retired trade union miner who struck several times. (Photo 11: Jarrad Henderson, USAT)
Nobody embodies this reversal more than Robin Ellis, a teacher of English, Mingo, who is also a grandmother, a social conservative, Republican, and one of 69 percent of the West Virginia. (and 83 percent of the Mingo residents) who voted for Donald Trump over Hillary Clinton in 2016.
She is also the daughter of a 83-year-old retired trade union miner who struck several times. Last year, a strike, Ellis stood on the main street of his city to mark motorists and, as the movement is transported, to do the work of teachers. І, як молодий Ерік Старр, вона піднялася на зустріч після попереднього поселення, щоб закликати своїх колег залишитися поза межами.
Вона каже, що страйк був більше, ніж гроші або повага. Йшлося про зобов'язання минулих поколінь. "Слово" страйк "підказує щось у нас тут, – каже вона.
" Я не думаю, що мій тато ніколи не пишався мною. "
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