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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Science https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ That is why the courageous return of NASA to the moon can work

That is why the courageous return of NASA to the moon can work



  NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstein visits Kennedy Space Center in 2018.
Zoom / NASA's administrator Jim Briddingston visits the Kennedy Space Center in 2018.

NASA

Speaking to Apollo Lunar Module's high-end model of loyalty, Vice President Mike Pence made NASA accelerate their lunar plans last week. Instead of 2028, Pence wanted boots on the ground four years ago, by the end of 2024. It marked the most unusual moments in space flight ̵

1; the graph that moves to the left, not the right.

It is clear that the aerospace community welcomed the announcement of a healthy dose of skepticism. Many rocket builders, space ship designers, flight controllers and space enthusiasts have seen this movie before. Both in 1989 and in 2004, the republican administrations announced ambitious plans of the Moon-Mars at a depth of space to see how they die because of the lack of funding and support for the White House

. Penn, as well as NASA's administrator Jim Bridenstein, took a clear goal for the agency and promised to withstand political support. Moreover, they said that the "end" is more important than "means". This suggests that any NASA missile and spacecraft used to reach the Moon, the plan should be based on the best available, most cost-effective technology. In short, they want to promote a healthy, open competition in the aerospace industry in the United States to help NASA and America achieve their goals.

At a Town Hall meeting on Monday for space agency staff members, Bridenstine described the Moon's 2024 initiative as "once This can be extremely hyperbolic, but it is a rare chance for a widespread bureaucratic federal agency whose programs of human exploration have lasted for decades to take light. future.

Thus, this is an important, if uncertain, moment in US space flights. To understand how we arrived here and where we were going, Ars spoke with a dozen well-located sources in the aerospace industry, from new space companies and major aerospace contractors to senior NASA leaders and political insiders. Most of them are not named due to sensitive positions; many of them see problems ahead

What is a plan?

Pence directed NASA to land-based people on the southern North Pole until 2024. the crew of a person, which would include the first woman who visited the moon. Landing near the poles is significant, since the Apollo missions remained relatively close to the equator of the Moon for half a century ago, and NASA would like to understand whether there are resources of water ice in excess of poles in shaded craters.

to the lunar surface of the lobe on a lunar orbit, known as the gate. Initially, these missions for the moon included short runs, but Pence also required NASA to create a permanent base on the surface of the Moon by 2028.

During their studies of the Moon, NASA and its astronauts would test technology to survive and operate in deep space for extended periods of time beyond the relative safety of the low-Earth orbit. Studying on the Moon, NASA can develop plans that will allow people to travel to Mars in the 2030s. Bridenstine insists that the agency has not overlooked this goal.

What is behind this?

Since Pence and Bridenstine have drilled deeper into the human resources intelligence program over the last year, they are disappointed with the pace of progress. A meeting with Boeing representatives in mid-March, during which the main contractor of the missile space system said they could not make the launch date of the test in June 2020, turned out to be a turning point.

Penn expressed this disappointment during his speech on March 26 at the US Space and Missile Center in Huntsville, Alabama. In the 1960s, Penn said, the agency needed only eight years to go to the Moon at a time when NASA did not know how to do this work. Now NASA has said it can not land people on the moon until 2028, more than 11 years after President Trump first set the goal of returning people to the lunar surface. "Ladies and gentlemen, this is not enough," Pence said. "We are better than this."

Neither Bridenstein nor Pence were so clearly spoken, but these comments reflect their sense that NASA has become too bureaucratic, too focused, too dangerous. During his town hall this week Bridzenstein had a clear answer when asked why, having set such an ambitious goal of landing in 2024, he did not set a safety timeline?

  Vice President Mike Pence, left, and NASA administrator Jim Briddingstone walk through NASA's headquarters in 2018. "src =" https://cdn.arstechnica.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/40945513254_4f3c79509d_k-980x575.jpg width = "980" height = "575
/ Vice President Mike Penny, left, and NASA administrator Jim Briddington passes through NASA's headquarters in 2018.

NASA

"I would not say that it's a return to the security schedule, I would say that returning to the schedule," he said. "Security is of paramount importance to everyone in this institution, it has always been. But mission number one is not security. If it were, we would just be left in the finished room and just watched CNN. "

Pens and Bridgeshine posed the case to NASA and tried to instill the relevance of the human research program, which was missing since the 1960s. 19659009] What will happen next?

The agency's leadership will strive to move quickly. Bridenstine has sent NASA space flight chief William Gerstenmeier to clarify the plan of missions and vehicles that could meet the 2024 deadline. Meanwhile, Bridenstine is working with the White House and the Office of Management to determine the cost.

The president has already submitted to Congress a budget request for the budget year of 2020 more than three weeks ago, so administrations will have to make changes to the request. in relation to the budget of NASA, and then submit it to Congress. During a Tuesday hearing, Bridenstine said he hoped to get this amendment to Congress by April 15th. This will provide the first plan of the new Moon Cost program, although early estimates suggest it may require $ 2 to $ 4 billion annually at the top of NASA's current budget – $ 21 billion a year. Bridenstein said he did not want to steal from other parts of the agency's budget to pay for the initiative.

Bridzenstein said he had a desire from both pennies and President Trump for his plan, but still has to sell it to Congress. "Based on the conversations I have had, the administration's commitment is. Of course, I can not speak for the Congress, "he said in the city hall.


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