You may have read or heard of various reports that daily aspirin intake – yes, that old resident of your grandmother’s first aid kit – can benefit modern health. “Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid are drugs designed for many different things,” he says. Kenneth Perry, MD, emergency physician in Charleston, South Carolina. “From temperature control to pain control, even treating a heart attack seems to have new indications every few months.” However, this common daily drug, called aspirin, is strong and it can cause some serious side effects in certain people. Read on to learn more about the features and benefits of aspirin, as well as what daily aspirin intake does for your body. (And always consult your doctor before starting a new regimen of drugs or medications.)
Aspirin works by suppressing prostaglandins, an enzyme that acts as a switch to eliminate pain and inflammation. That is why it is used for fever and pain for over a century. Today it is still often prescribed for the treatment or prevention of diseases caused by inflammation in the body.
This repeats: Aspirin is a strong drug, and some people do not tolerate it well. “Chronic aspirin use can damage the lining of the stomach, cause stomach ulcers and pain,” he says. Lean Poston, MD. “The risk increases in people over 65, those who have a history of stomach ulcers, and those who take blood thinners or drink alcohol.”
If you are sensitive to aspirin, your doctor may recommend taking another NSAID (a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug), such as ibuprofen.
“If you have had a heart attack or stroke, your doctor may want to take a low daily dose of aspirin to prevent another,” says the American Heart Association. “Aspirin is part of a well-established treatment plan for patients who have a history of heart attack or stroke.” But the AHA states that you should not take daily aspirin unless your doctor prescribes it – they can help you assess the risks and benefits and determine if your daily aspirin is right for you.
Aspirin is one of the most well-known anticoagulants, ie it thins the blood. This has benefits (such as reducing the risk of recurrent heart attack or stroke, which are often caused by blood clotting) and risks.
“In the event of an injury, internal or external platelets accumulate in place to help the blood clot. When you take daily aspirin, this aggregation affects and reduces blood clotting,” says Nikhil Agarwal, MD. “This can increase the risk of bleeding, especially if you are taking certain other supplements or taking certain medications.” One of the possible side effects is gastrointestinal bleeding, “he says. Barry Gorlitsky, MD.
According to 2016 meta-analysis published in the journal Oncology JAMA, people who took aspirin for six years or longer had a 19% lower risk of developing rectal cancer and a 15% lower risk of gastrointestinal cancer of any type. Researchers estimate that regular aspirin use can prevent nearly 11 percent of rectal cancers and 8 percent of gastrointestinal cancers diagnosed in the United States each year.
According to Dr. Guy Citrine, New York, daily use of aspirin can cause tinnitus, which perceives noise or ringing in the ears. As a rule, it disappears when you stop taking the drug.
Another possible side effect of daily aspirin use is liver damage Dr. Havar Siddik of DOCS Spine + Orthopedics. According to the Cleveland Clinic, one of the signs of liver damage is jaundice, which is a condition in which the skin, whites of the eyes and mucous membranes turn yellow.
Reye’s syndrome is a rare condition that causes confusion and swelling of the brain. “The exact cause of Reye’s syndrome is unknown, but it most often affects children and young people who are recovering from a viral infection,” he said. NHS. “In most cases, aspirin is used to treat their symptoms, so aspirin can trigger Reye’s syndrome.” That is why doctors recommend not giving aspirin to children or adolescents for fever or pain.
If anyone has epilepsy or taking any medication to prevent seizures, taking aspirin may affect this. For example, because aspirin thins the blood, it can change the amount of medication in the blood. It is best to consult a doctor before taking aspirin daily.