Michael Summers Professor of Planetary Science and Astronomy
NASA's robotic mission to Mars opened the world with a surprisingly complex history, including periods in which it was much warmer with oceans, volcanoes, and was habitable for many types of simple earthly life . 19659004] Even now, Mars still has a large number of groundwater and organic compounds. NASA is planning a human mission to Mars in the beginning to the middle of the 2030s, and if our history of space exploration is any benchmark, Mars will have many interesting surprises for the first people who get there.
to Mars will be complicated, expensive and very dangerous. Sending people to Mars and safely returning to Earth will be one of the toughest projects ever to be performed. But what should happen after this first step?
The most obvious first task in the development of expanded presence on Mars is intelligence ̵
NASA Mars Curiosity scientists have recently announced the discovery of complex organic substances in the soil. These organic compounds would be important for gidroponics, like Mark Wiley in the beautiful, sensible and accurate Martian film. As a by-product of growing green planets, photosynthesis is a source of oxygen for breathing.
Early colonists of Mars will be vigilantly focused on building safe, sustainable and sustainable habitats. When people leave the Earth, they have to bring with them a bubble of the Earth's environment, which includes breathing air. Mars has an atmosphere, but it's only about 1% of the air pressure that exists at sea level on Earth
In addition, the atmosphere on Mars is almost entirely carbon dioxide (CO2). There is only a very small amount of oxygen – the most important gas that people need. Fortunately, it's relatively easy to make oxygen from water, and now we know that Mars has a large amount of water that is part of the permafrost's surface.
There are several dangers faced by colonists. These include micrometeorites burned in the upper atmosphere of the Earth, and the ultraviolet radiation of the sun, which is blocked by our stratospheric ozone layer on Earth. Mars does not have such an ozone layer. Thus, habitats must be protected, and may be built in natural caves and lava.
Imagine an opportunity to build a completely new world from scratch! As long as the colony is safe and sustainable, and while resources are available, almost everything can be possible. Mars could create a place for experimentation with new types of government, education, social structures, or even rest. In the end, when the colonies are stable, Mars itself can be used as the basis for the further study of the external solar system
Since early colonists develop a more stable presence, they will be able to devote more effort to further achievement of the goals. . This may include the development of profitable branches for trade with the Earth or experimentation with new technologies that can be used for life on Earth. They could seek life under the surface of the Martians – as was suggested by methane loops that are seasoned from the underground – either in the adjacent belt of asteroids or in the satellites of Jupiter.
Imagine new types of rest that you could have on Mars. Imagine riding on the slopes of the Olmops Mons – the largest (extinct) volcano of the Solar System, where ski slopes are hundreds of kilometers long. Imagine hanging from the rocks six miles high! On Mars, an fearless researcher could go deep into the caves (ancient lava tubes), which are hundreds of meters away. Who knows what we will find there!
Michael Summers is a professor of planetary science and astronomy at George Mason University. official position of The Daily Caller.