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SpaceX launches SpaceL's Lunar Lander



Can the Israeli non-profit Israeli land come to the moon for $ 100 million? Get up to date to see if he can get out of the ground.

So far only three countries – the United States, the former USSR and China – have been sent to the moon robotic devices. Since 2007, the X Prize and Google-funded competition was intended to encourage entrepreneurs to send a privately-propelled spacecraft, but the deadline for the competition was without having received any major prize of 20 millions of dollars. in Israel, was one of the finalists and continued his efforts, not even having the money to win. Her spacecraft is now on board the SpaceX Falcon 9 missile in Florida.

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The launch is scheduled for Thursday at 8:45 pm Eastern time, and the weather forecasters said that there was an 80 percent chance of good weather conditions, and the sky was clear about an hour before the launch was clear. SpaceX will broadcast the launch. Videos from the SpaceIL Control Room in Israel will be broadcast live on the Facebook page of the organization.

Landing is expected to take place in April. get there?

The spacecraft takes a long but cost-effective route. Instead of exploding from Earth's orbit, it will gradually pull an elliptical orbit until it passes close enough to the Moon to capture the moon's gravity. Then she will spend another few days, making her orbit around the moon more circular before trying to land.

A tool constructed by the Weizmann Science Institute is a measurement of the magnetic field of the Moon when the spacecraft is approaching landing. This information could reveal something about the iron core much lower than the surface.

NASA provided a spacecraft with retro-reflectors: in effect, mirrors reflecting light in the same direction as the incoming beam. The lasers on Earth are highlighted on this spot and bounce backwards, allowing accurate measurement of the distance between Earth and the Moon. Apollo astronauts left similar devices on the moon almost 50 years ago.

The spacecraft is also a time capsule containing hundreds of digital files, including Torah, the Israeli flag, works of art provided by the public, and a children's book inspired by SpaceIL's Mission to the Moon. He will also forward a digital archive containing 30 million pages of information, including the full version of Wikipedia's English Encyclopedia, provided by the Mission Arch Foundation, a nonprofit organization that seeks to create a reserve of human knowledge. mission last?

Not long. Beresheet is not designed to work more than a few days. It will land at the beginning of the lunar day. The electronics are not intended to survive more hot temperatures prevailing on the surface of the moon when the sun is higher on the moon.

A traditional and more expensive approach to spacecraft design is to rely on components that have successfully flown earlier and include backups for critical systems. SpaceIL left much of the redness and tried to take a more aggressive approach to save money.

SpaceIL and Israel Aerospace Industries, a large aerospace company that collaborated on the construction of Beresheet, said the mission was more risky, but they decided on where to get labels.

] Beresheet is not the main rocket load. The main customer is Pasifik Satelit Nusantara, an Indonesian satellite operator, which launches the Nusantara Satu telecommunication satellite. As a secondary rideshare, SpaceIL was able to pay much less for its journey.

The missile will also deploy an experimental satellite for the US Air Force.

The first stage of the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launches and landed twice, once in July 2018 and again in October.


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