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Sidney Brenner, who helped decipher the genetic code, dies in 92



  Sydney Brenner, who helped decipher the genetic code, dies at 92
In this photo, October 8, 2002, Sydney Brenner, a professor at the Institute of Molecular Sciences in Berkeley, California, gestures during a press conference in Munich, Germany. Brenner, a biologist at the Nobel Prize who helped decipher the genetic code and whose research on the round worms, which laid the foundations for decades of research on human illness, died. The California Salc Institute for Biological Studies said that Brenner had died on April 5, 2019 in Singapore. He was 92 years old. (AP Photo / Jan Pitman, File)

Sydney Brenner, Nobel Prize-winning biologist who helped decipher the genetic code and whose research on roundworms, which caused a new field of research in human diseases, died. He was 92 years old.

The California Salt Institute for Biological Research, where Brenner spent part of his seventy-year career, said he had died in Singapore on the same day.

He will be mentioned forever for his brilliant discoveries, which have opened a new era of science and a new generation of scientists ", – said a biologist from the Institute Ronald Evans.

Brenner shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2002 for his contribution to work, revealing how genes control cell division. He and his two colleagues, John Swultson and Robert Horvitz, traced a transparent worm, known as C. elegans, to determine how cells divide and create something new.

Conclusions on programmed cell death have been key to understanding how cancer develops and laying bases to make C. elegans the main model body in the study.

His most important contribution to science, however, was the work he had done with Francis Crick, the co-discoverer of DNA, and others to determine the genetic code. In 1961, they demonstrated that DNA consists of a series of three nucleotides, called codons that encode the amino acids that make up the protein.

  Sydney Brenner, who helped decipher the genetic code, dies in 92
December 10, 2002, photo, Dr. Sidney Brenner of South Africa, to the left, receives the Nobel Prize in Medicine from the King of Sweden, Carl Gustaf, during Ceremony at the Concert Hall in Stockholm, Sweden. Dr. Brenner of the Institute of Molecular Sciences, Berkeley, California, shares the award with H. Robert Horvíctic, the United States and John Sulton, United Kingdom. Dr. Sydney Brenner, a Nobel Prize winner in biology, who helped decipher the genetic code and whose roundworm research laid the foundations for decades of human disease research, died. The California Salk Institute for Biological Studies said that Brenner had died on April 5, 2019 in Singapore. He was 92 years old. (AP Photo / Henrik Montgomery / Pool, File)

He also helped open the sent RNA, a molecule that controls the production of amino acids in the cell.

Born in South Africa in 1927. Later he joined Cambridge University and for 20 years he shared office with Crick.

  Sydney Brenner, who helped decipher the genetic code, dies at 92
Sydney Brenner of the Salc Institute for Biological Research in San Diego, California, lectures at the opening of Biopolis in Singapore. Dr. Brenner, a biologist at the Nobel Prize who helped decipher the genetic code and whose research on roundworms laid the foundations for decades of human disease research, died. The California Salc Institute for Biological Studies said that Brenner had died on April 5, 2019 in Singapore. He was 92 years old. (AP Photo / Wong Maye-e, File)
In the early 1990s, Brenner traveled to California, where he first worked at the Scripps Research Institute at La Jolla, and subsequently joined Creek as an outstanding professor at the Salk Institute. He spent the last part of his career building biomedical sciences in Singapore, where he became the first honored citizen.

Brenner survived three of his children. His wife died in 2010.


John Swulton, who deciphered the human genome, dies at 75


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Sydney Brenner, who helped decipher the genetic code, dies in 92 (April 2019, April 7)
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