Smoking, lack of exercise, sleep deprivation are among the many lifestyle factors that are known to have a negative impact on health, but none of them are compared to the effects of poor nutrition, according to a new study. . A bad diet is "a killer of equal opportunities," according to the lead author of the study, Dr Ashkan Afshin, who said that risks can be found regardless of gender, age and other demographic data.
The study was recently published in the Medical Journal The Lancet and it included an analysis conducted by more than 130 researchers from nearly 40 countries. The study showed that bad diets were behind 22% of all adult deaths in 2017 (10.9 million) – cardiovascular disease was the main cause, and cancer and diabetes were the following.
In addition to deaths, the study found that a bad diet is responsible for 255 million DALYs ̵
In general, a bad diet is behind 16% of adults in DALY around the world. Distinctive differences in bad diets indicate three dietary factors that contribute significantly to diet related deaths and DALY: high sodium intake, low intake of whole grains and low levels of fruit in the diet. Other risky dietary habits include high consumption of red meat, the use of a large amount of processed meat, trans fatty acids and sugary drinks.
The results show that the general public will benefit from a diet that reduces the consumption of sweet drinks, processed foods, red meat and high-sodium foods, instead of replacing these substances with fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds. vegetable origin of proteins and whole grains.