Automobile carriers and commercial drivers agree on only four of the top 10 problems facing road transport, according to an annual survey by the American Institute for Transportation Studies (ATRI).
The shortage of long-haul, long-haul drivers has been a major problem in the annual ATRI poll that has taken the industry momentum over the past 15 years.
ATRI unveiled the results of critical issues in 2019 on October 6 at the American Trucking Association's Association and Exhibition (ATA) in San Diego.
Car carriers, accounting for 51% of 2,000 respondents, overwhelmingly chose a driver shortage, which at the end of 2018 was ATA 60,800. The issue did not break the Top 1
Drivers, including 35% of respondents, cited driver compensation as a major problem. He made the overall list for the first time, taking third place. Carriers, who increased their driver by an average of 6% in 2018 when load capacity was heavy, did not list this problem in their Top 10.
The absence of two groups to acknowledge a driver's shortage compared to the driver's fee is a long-standing argument from chicken eggs that they would not be sufficient in the industry if drivers paid better.
What does not cause controversy is that many drivers reach retirement age and few young people are trained. ATA plans to shorten 105,000 drivers who rent by 2023, if nothing changes.
"There is no reason. There is no solution," said Bob Costello, ATA's chief economist, who regularly projects drivers' deficits and turnover. "This is not just a problem in the US. It also applies to Europe, Mexico and China."
The average age of a trainee driver is 35 years, said CEO of USA Truck Inc. James Reed during the ATA panel discussion. Instead of looking for trucking as a career in their 20s, young people are pursuing other options. When they marry and start a family, the permanence of a trucking career as a "real job" becomes attractive.
"How Do You Break This Cycle?" asked Reed.
Gary Helms, the driver of the Covenant Transport Group, said that recruiting middle-aged men and women seeking a second career could help. He became a trucker after a 25-year construction career. He also hopes that people between the ages of 18 and 20 will be able to cross state lines.
"Anyone can study," Helms said. "These new trucks are virtually self-driving."
The ATA has been lobbying for legislation that will allow 18-20 year old children to govern interstate, not just within one state.
Carriers are trying to attract women, who make up 47% of the workforce but account for only 6% of truck drivers.
Transforming some of the nearly 1 million drivers for flight companies such as Uber and Lyft is another opportunity, Costello said.
Where they agree
Carriers and drivers list the same question in their polls in four areas: hours of service (total # 2); driver detention and delay in customers (# 4 overall); the mandate of the electronic logging device (ELD) (total # 7); transport infrastructure / congestion and financing (total # 9).
The hours of service at which ATRI President and Chief Operating Officer Rebecca Brewster has compiled this list each year continue unabated by both carriers and drivers. Flexibility is central to managing the changes proposed by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. But even those proposals do not respond, Reed said.
"We need to find a way to this in the hands of professional drivers," he said. "After all, they know best."
Delays and delays on shippers made this list for the first time. Carriers and drivers ranked sixth and fifth, respectively. Loading or unloading times of six hours or longer increased by 27% between 2014 and 2018, according to an ATRI study.
For drivers, pain points are monitored for 14 hours of driving while in detention. The importance of areas for breaks and a clean toilet is also important. Carriers look at the lower cost of their equipment while sitting instead of making money.
"I will value lanes differently depending on the time of stay and how (vehicles) treat our drivers," Reed said.
The ELD mandate continues to fall below the list. The drivers took fourth place. Carriers put him in eighth place. The deadline is December 16 for the final stage of electronic logging – the conversion of trucks from automatic onboard recording equipment (AOBRD) to ELD.
Carriers and drivers agree on the ninth common critical issue – repairing infrastructure, how to pay for it, and
The 2018 ATRI study found that congestion and bottlenecks account for 1.2 billion hours lost productivity annually. That's the equivalent of 425,000 idle drivers year-round, with idle 6.87 billion gallons of fuel, Brewster said.
"Imagine what we could do if we were able to eliminate those costs," Reid said. "The federal government has been unwilling to address this issue."
The ATA supports the proposed five-year federal fuel tax increase for four years, the most cost-effective and efficient way to meet critical infrastructure needs. A package of 2 trillion. President Obama's agitation presidential campaigner, detained in Congress.
"To me, this is how closely related these issues are," Brewster told FreightWaves. "There is no way to select one and fix it."
ATRI 2019 General List of Critical Issues:
1. Driver Deficiency
2. Hours of Service
3. Driver compensation
4. Delay / Delay in Customers
5. Truck Parking
6. Driver Retention
7. Mandate of ELD
9. Transportation infrastructure / congestion / financing
Carriers and Drivers of Critical Issues
Commercial Drivers Automobile Carriers
1. Driver Compensation 1. Driver Deficiency
2. Hours of Service 2. Driver Retention
3. Truck parking 3 . Years of Service
4 ELD Mandate 4. CSA
5 . Delay / Delay in Customers 5. Infrastructure /
congestion / financing
6. Speed limiters 6 . Delay / delay at the customer
7. Driver Training Standard 7. Economics
8. Driver Distraction 8. ELD Mandate
9. Infrastructure / 9 Insurance cost / availability of insurance
congestion / financing
10. Autonomous truck technology 10. Cake reform