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Home https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Health https://server7.kproxy.com/servlet/redirect.srv/sruj/smyrwpoii/p2/ Parents protested against the need for immunization 150 years ago. Some of them are still angry

Parents protested against the need for immunization 150 years ago. Some of them are still angry



Going forward until 2019 and the anti-vaccination campaign is a global, multilateral animal – driven by security, religious and political convictions, preference for homeopathic approaches and widespread misinformation.

For over 150 years, the negative reaction is not just against vaccination, but against vaccine vaccinations. Today, the growth of populism in Europe and the United States is part of a new wave of anti-vaccine mistrust of the institution, experts say.

But the anti-defensers of that time also joined Libertarians, who considered mandatory vaccines. violated their personal liberties.

Today, anti-government sentiment "continues to remain a thread in the anti-vaccine movement, especially in this era of distrust of power," Professor Heidi Larson, director of the "Vaccine Trust" project at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, told CNN.

  Worldwide cortical areas have grown because of gaps in coverage of vaccines, say health agencies

Larson said that populism and the anti-vaccination movement are "completely complicated", adding that this is a "symptom" of "major distrust" in the institution.

Lack of indecision is one of the greatest threats to global health in 2019, the World Health Organization.

"Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective ways of avoiding a disease – it is currently preventing 2-3 million deaths a year, and another 1.5 million can be avoided if global vaccine coverage improves," WHO said.

But fluctuations in the vaccine, or the reluctance or refusal of vaccination, despite the presence of vaccines, "threaten the reverse progress achieved in the fight against vaccine-preventable diseases."

This trend is observed in the growing number of anti-vaccines

In Italy, reversal vaccination

In August last year, the populist government of Italy shocked the scientific and medical community after removing the obligatory vaccination for schoolchildren

. The "One-Star" country movement and its coalition partner, the Left Extreme, have declared their mandatory vaccinations – introduced in 2017 during a cortex outbreak – it is not recommended to include a school.

ANSA news agency reported that League leader and Interior Minister Matteo In June 2018, Salvini stated that 10 vaccine vaccines, which include measles, tetanus and poliomyelitis, were "in vain and in many cases unsafe if not harmful "

. the impact of the vaccine on the vaccine is striking on the scientific community

The bill was first introduced by the Democratic Party a month earlier, against the background of a constant flare of measles, which recorded 5,004 cases in 2017, the second largest figure in Europe after Romania, according to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control. Italy accounts for 34% of all measles reported by the countries of the European Economic Area, reports the Center.

"Italy is part of a global trend of mistrust of mediators – doctors and scientists – who can interpret and explain data," said Andrea Grignolio, who teaches the history of medicine and bioethics at the University of Rome, La Sapénza.

"From the advent of the Internet people have the illusion that they can access and read data themselves, eliminating the need for technical and scientific knowledge. "

Experts say that the origin of the recent anti-vaccine movement in Italy can be traced back to the 2012 court decision, which watched outs m and combined vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella, although this decision was canceled after three years, it added the spread of theories against vaccination throughout the country – and the world.

Debunked & # 39; science

Experts believe that the most advanced movement against vaccination was revived by an article published in 1998 in a respected magazine Lancet by a former British physician and researcher Andrew Wakefield. He suggested contact between the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine (MMR) and the development of autism in young children.
Since then, the complaints have been scattered, and Lancet has abandoned this article after 12 years – its editor called it "completely false." But the effects have already spilled previous communities with vaccination on both sides of the Atlantic.

In the United States, anti-vaccine regeneration was reinforced by actors Jim Carrey and Jenny McCarthy, who believed that vaccines could promote son of McCarthy's autism – and noisy celebrities such as the real estate tycoon and star of reality, Donald Trump.

In 2012, Trump weighed on a Twitter vaccine, saying: "Massive combination vaccinations for young children are the cause of a large increase in autism …."
  White House Wife Communications Director pushes curious statements about anti-vaccination

Despite numerous scientific studies that there is no relationship between vaccines and Autism, Trump tweeted two months later: "Autism passes by black with roof – why the Obama administration is not doing anything about the doctor caused autism. "
Since moving to the White House, President Trump has largely reassured the vaccine. But this week, Darla Shine, the wife of White House White House director, pushed fake anti-vaccination claims to Twitter. Her tweets came as a massive bark of bark, which largely affects children who have not received a vaccine against the disease, swept through Washington state. So far this year, more than 100 cases of measles have been diagnosed in 10 states of the United States, according to American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The report, published by CDC in October, showed that although the coverage for a number of vaccines "remained high and stable overall," the segment of unvaccinated children under 2 years of age increased from 0.9% for those born in 2011, up to 1.3% for births In 2015, only 0.3% of children aged 19 to 35 months did not receive vaccine doses.

The growth of unvaccinated children has been recorded globally with global flare outbreaks last year. WHO.

The prevalence of measles cases registered at WHO headquarters in 183 countries has shown an almost 50% increase in cases in mid-January 2019, compared with this date in 2018.

Lack of access to the vaccine, the problem in rich, developed countries may be associated with the spread of misinformation about the vaccine, experts say.
  Officials hope to change their minds against the background of sophisticated contagiosis. bark bursts

The world's treasures of bark have been steadily declining until 2016, according to Dr. Katrina Kretzinger, WHO immunization program. But from 2017, this figure has grown rapidly, she said, noting that among the rich countries included, where there is historically a high level of vaccination, we observe that we have outbreaks that are long, which are significant and growing, " Kretsinger said at a conference this week: "This is not an isolated issue."

Although there are many reasons why parents might not vaccinate their children, the reason that the movement against vaccination could so apply has one common denominator: social media

Emergence of the message

[19659002] Rise and Diversification – Social Media Platforms, Catapulted Rhetoric Against Vaccination in the Mainstream

David R. Carey, Executive Director, Center for Ethics and Policy on Vaccine, told CNN that hesitation or anti-vaccination initiatives all more and more capable of using the priceless and highly effective social media platforms to spread their message.

  Anti-Voxer Tirads are at home in Trumpworld

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Arguments that are not zasn which are frankly devastating to public health, "said Curry, noting that it is critical that social media allowed anti-vaccine rhetoric to be spread to countries where the historic confidence in the vaccine was high.

"The challenges we are seeing is that we do not have an effective, well-equipped set of measures to counteract this threat, and we see this as a major problem," he added.

In a 2017 paper that depicts the anti-vaccination movement on Facebook, Australian researchers Naomi Smith and Tim Graham discovered that the current anti-vaccine discourse on Facebook focuses on moral indignation and structural oppression by the institutional government and the media. strong logic of "beliefs and thinking" in the style of "conspiracy".

In these Facebook groups, the boundaries between political rhetoric and health issues are often erased. And while many of these networks may feel a small, cohesive community, they are not immune from foreign interference.

  Why the Russian trolls sparked a debate about vaccination in the United States

In August last year, a study published in the American Journal of Guard Healthy, suggested Twitter accounts that masquerade as legitimate users are probably guided by automated bots and Russian trolls that are involved in the online debate about the vaccine. The boots and trolls circulated a pro-and anti-vaccination report between 2014 and 2017 with messages that tried to address the issue of vaccination with other themes of hotkeys in American discourse.

"One of the things about them, which was strange, was that they tried – or they seemed to have tried – to vaccinate with problems in American discourse, such as racial imbalances or class distortions that traditionally not vaccinated, "lead author David Broniatowski, associate professor at the University of George Washington School of Engineering and Applied Sciences said.

Having pushed back

Now critics are appealing to companies such as Facebook, YouTube and Google to take more responsibility for public health violations occurring on their platforms, arguing that social media can not deliberately ignore the acceptance of meaningful responsibility for content on their sites.

  Teenager gets vaccination, despite parents Anxiety: & # 39; I did it for my safety and safety of other people

This week, the US House Representative Adam Schiff sent a letter to Facebook and Google CEO, urging them to resolve the issue.

"If interested parents consistently see the information in their newsletter, which challenges the safety or efficacy of vaccines, it can make them ignore the advice of their doctors and healthcare professionals and refuse to follow the recommended vaccination schedule, "Schiff said," The repetition of information, even if it is incorrect, can often be accepted for accuracy, and the effect on the content of anti-vaccine through social media may adversely affect the user's attitude to vaccination. "

Schiff added that parents who are looking for accurate vaccine information can "unwittingly reach pages and videos with disinformation," referring to the Guardian report, which found that Facebook and YouTube searches often yielded results that provided scientifically inaccurate information. He added that he was worried practice Facebook to accept paid advertisements that contain intentional misinformation about the vaccine.
Facebook said Thursday that it is studying the removal of anti-vaccine recommendations on its website.
Last month, YouTube, a company owned by Google, said it would begin lowering its "content limits" guidelines and videos that may misinform users While technology companies are increasingly endangered by the placement of some of these groups, some individuals , who were the most affected by the movement against the vaccine, turned to social media for help.

Ohio teenage Ethan Lindenberger grew up thinking that the vaccination was not normal, placing at Reddit's popular post in November last year that "my parents consider the vaccine to be a definite scheme of government."

But he did not agree with his parents, telling CNN this week that he wants to protect others from illnesses just like himself.

When he was 18 years old, Lindenberger turned to Reddot for information on how to vaccinate. Now that he has been vaccinated, his next goal is to change the minds of parents on his younger brothers and sisters.

"Obviously, it's a little scary to me, but I will try to do my utmost to convince my parents that

CNN's Gianluca Mezzofiore contributed to this report

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