NASA renames the hero of the real "hidden figures" by Catherine Johnson
Now, her heritage and heritage will remain in the foreground and will be located at the heart of NASA, which is the embodiment of her work.
"The institution's program contributes to the safety and success of NASA's most popular missions, ensuring that the mission's software performs correctly", said the Space Agency.
Renaming could not have been more suitable for Johnson, who calculated the trajectory for the first US trip to space. In the 1950s, human mathematicians were called "computers" before computers were widely used and trusted. And NASA's "Computer Pool" relied heavily on the extremely complex handwritten calculations of black women.
Any small mistake can lead to a disaster. But Johnson and the Computer Pool made calculations for groundbreaking, successful space missions, including the 1
961 flight by Alan Shepard, which made him the first American in space, and John Glenn's 1962 mission that made him the first American to Earth.
But Johnson's contributions, like many women's "computers", were often missed in history. This was until 2016, when the most popular novel and the "Hidden Numbers" movie sparkled light on their work and the problems they encountered – including racial segregation at NASA.
The main scene in the film shows that Glenn is nervously preparing for the flight. The computers were so new that Glenn was skeptical about their calculations. So Glenn asked that Johnson, whose glitter was known to NASA, independently verified the calculations by hand before he felt comfortable enough to start his journey three times around the Earth.
But Johnson's growth in NASA was not easy.
She was born in 1918 in Sulfur Springs , West Virginia, where education for blacks ended in the eighth grade.
But her parents recognized her talent for math, so they sent her a secondary education at the University of West Virginia, a black college in 100 miles. She paid off and she graduated from high school in 14, and then graduated from West Virginia State in 1937 in 18.
Like many women at one time she became a teacher – but her memoirs were set to become a mathematician of the study .
According to the decree on the prohibition of racial discrimination in the defense industry, the Langley Laboratory began recruiting black people with higher education in the 1940s for a computer pool.
For many years, women occupied a separate wing, the "West Area" Computational, and used separate rooms.This de Johnson began work in 1953.
Two weeks later she went to the flight research department of the plant, she worked there for For many years, while the Soviet satellite Sputnik had not started a space race between the United States and the USSR
Johnson moved to the briefings that were traditionally visited by men only and secured a place in the circle of the American space program.