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NASA highlights the "speed" of its return to the moon



  NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstein would like the agency to return to the moon
Zoom / NASA's administrator Jim Briddington wanted the agency to return to the moon "fast" but steady.

Thursday, NASA's leaders held an industry day to answer questions about space agency plans to develop landings, which will ultimately allow people to return to the moon. Their main message to the US aerospace community is that NASA is serious about returning to the moon and the agency needs community assistance to do so as soon as possible.

"We want to strike a balance between getting to the Moon as soon as possible, and also when we get to the Moon, we're there to stay," said NASA administrator Jim Bridzhenshin during a call to the media before the event. "This is great vision. "

The first step

NASA has a two-way approach to returning to the moon.To quickly reach the lunar surface and support the emerging commercial industry interested in the study, the agency launched a program on commercial lunar payload, which meant that NASA prop Launched to buy nine different providers for small scientific loads on the Moon.

NASA's Science Program Leader Thomas Tsurbuhan said that this program was designed with speed, and it would endure some failures because it does "shots for the purpose "in an attempt to land on the Moon." For us, if we want, we want to fly in this calendar year, "he said." We do not expect the success of each issue and landing. "

NASA has begun to develop a dozen workloads, some of which are related to scientific experiments, others ̵

1; to better characterize the lunar environment for these commercial flights. Zürbuchen said that these useful cargoes will be ready for missions by the end of 2019, but suppliers will set up schedules when they are ready. The agency will "stimulate" the speed, which means that companies that first deliver the useful cargo to the surface of the moon will receive more money. This new tone of NASA's leadership suggests that the agency wants to be able to demonstrate tangible progress towards the surface of the moon by July 20 this year, to the 50th anniversary of the Apollon landing.

NASA, of course, seeks to bring people to the surface of the Moon to explore, conduct experiments, and determine whether there can be water and other resources. In the documents distributed to industry, the agency reported the return of the month not earlier than 2028, when before 2024 and 2026 were carried out previously unidentified demonstration missions

. "How it will be done will cause the vehicle to pass between the Moon Gateway, a halo in the high orbit around the Moon, and a low lunar orbit. From there, the agency will use the vehicle's descent to go down to the Moon's surface, and the vehicle will be lifted to carry the crew back to the low lunar orbit, yet to determine which elements of this architecture can be reused and how reusable items are to be reused.

During an industrial day aerospace companies have been asked to bet on specific elements of this architecture. "We are looking for people to respond to this architecture," Bridgestone said.

Most industries are likely to go along with it, but SpaceX has its plans for development Missiles, Super Heavy and Starship.) that could go directly to the Moon without stopping at the gate. Bridenstine and NASA Chief of Human Space Flight, Bill Gerstenmaier, both said the agency welcomes new ideas but that the ships are not fitted for this with etsyfichna architecture would not be right for current funding opportunities.

"We think this is the right basic architecture, but we are not closed," said Gerstenmeier. NASA would like to find a way to work with alternative plans and then sell them against the existing NASA architecture to determine which approach to landing people on The moon is faster and more stable.

This may seem favorable to SpaceX, but it's not. T seem super-useful at a time when the company is actively looking for public funds to help develop Super Heavy and Starship. So far, at least , the status quo is likely to remain – the government's fin Donation can follow when SpaceX demonstrates the value of these planes, but perhaps not before.


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