To help NASA achieve its new goal – to reach the Moon by 2024 – the long-standing space contractor Lockheed Martin opens new designs for the human concept of lunar landing, which can lead people to and from the surface of the moon. And the company says it can be ready in the next couple of years – as long as it has enough resources.
The car consists of two elements: a landing gear, which can move down to the ground, and a lifting machine that can be lifted. astronauts from the surface of the moon. The landing gear is designed for traveling to and from a new space station, which NASA wants to build around the moon, called the Gateway. If all these elements were created, astronauts would travel to the Gateway from Earth, and then went to the station to the Moon. After that the lift will turn them back to the station.
Lockheed Martin notes that the timing of the completion of this landing gear is aggressive. "We will need resources for this to happen, and we will have to work differently than before," said Lisa Kalahan, program vice president and general manager at Lockheed Martin during a press conference. Symposium. "But I think it's really possible and we're very happy about that."
The great advantage of this new Lockheed lander concept is that the company won t to build the car completely from scratch. Many of the elements needed for a vehicle originate from Orion, a brigade capsule on which Lockheed has been operating over the last decade. Orion, approaching its first flight, is designed to fly astronauts into deep space and join the gates in the future. Some of the same materials and systems that are used in Orion can be incorporated into this new device, for example, many in-house equipment, aircraft, life-support systems, etc. "This is our great selling point: build from what's already there," says Mike Hoos, vice president and project manager of the Orion project at Lockheed Martin, The Verge . "Limit the number of new items".
Meanwhile, part of the lifting of the car, perhaps the most important part, will be the use of engines from the device, which is called the Orion service module. This module is a cylindrical vehicle that travels into space with Orion, providing power and support during the flight. According to this design, a car that should work to transmit astronauts from the moon's surface will also have some elements that previously saw space flight
. The capsule and service module would have flown, at least twice, in outer space before the landing device was needed in 2024. Until the end of 2020, an unopened Orion capsule should fly to depart around the Moon. In 2022, Lockheed claims that it will allow NASA to evaluate the performance of systems both in Orion and on the modules, and ultimately test a lot of technologies that will be used by the landing gear
. Initially NASA sought to complete most of the station by 2028, when the first people landed on the surface of the Moon. A complete gateway requires several modules to be created, creating a temporary home and astronaut research facility. But now that this term has moved considerably, victims will be made to design the gateway.
"The first phase is speed," said NASA administrator Jim Bridgestin during a speech at the Space Symposium. "We want to get these boots on the moon as soon as possible. We do not want to pick anything from getting these boots to the moon.
NASA essentially wants to put a much smaller version of the Gateway into the lunar orbit initially, according to Bridenstine. Lockheed envisages this new version, consisting of two elements: a module that provides the power of the gateway, as well as a small accommodation unit or node through which the astronauts will go. This node will have a port for Orion and one for landing.
As part of Lockhide's plan, NASA will launch these two main gateway elements by 2024, although the space agency has not decided which companies will build modules. Then, as soon as this tiny gateway is in space, the trigger will start at the station, potentially on a commercial missile, and moor with the place of residence. Finally, the third flight of the capsule of the Orion brigade began work that would lead people to the gate. They will then pass through a small space station to the landing site and will potentially make the first landing of the month. stability. That entails fleshing the rest of the Gate and using more reusable vehicles to go back and forth to the lunar surface. Although the concept of Landheed can be developed quickly, it is only partially reusable, since part of the landing vehicle will remain on the moon when it is no longer needed. The lunar apparatus and agency still have to come up with a budget for this accelerated return of the moon, which should be opened next week. Lockheed admitted that if the company is selected, it will have to work quickly to meet the 2024, and it will not work if they do not have the right funds. "We have to bend the metal next year," said Rob Chambers, director of the Lockheed Martin Human Development Research Strategy at a briefing.