Lisa Montgomery is expected to receive a lethal injection on December 8, according to the Ministry of Justice. In 2004, she was convicted of strangling a Missouri woman who was eight months pregnant and then cut and abducted the baby.
Also in 1953, Ethel Rosenberg was executed for espionage along with her husband Julius.
The ninth execution will be Brandon Bernard, who was convicted of killing two youth ministers in a military reserve in Texas in 1999. He is scheduled to be executed on December 10 by lethal injection.
Montgomery and Bernard are being held in a federal prison in Terre Hout, Indiana.
Until this year, the federal government had not executed anyone since 2003, and since 1960, only four people, according to the Bureau of Prisons.
Lawyers Montgomery and Bernard said their execution would be unfair.
Kelly Henry stated that her client Montgomery is mentally ill, suffers from horrific abuse of children and is poorly represented in court.
Bernard is a peaceful prisoner who was 18 years old at the time of the murder and had no evidence, said his lawyer, Robert K. Owen.
Christina Carrega contributed to this report.