Libya has died in chaos since the release and assassination of Colonel Gaddafi's dictator in 2011, with two competing authorities and a multitude of militias who have competed for the control of a rich oil country.
Khalifa Khatwari's forces were thrown back at the key checkpoint less than 30 kilometers (18 miles) from Tripoli, checking their lightning advancement to the capital, a seat of government of internationally recognized unity.
Haftar supports a parallel administration based in the east.
Former dictator Colonel Gaddafi was a Libyan leader from 1969 to 2011. During the civil war in Libya, the government was dropped, and Gaddafi retreated to Sirte to be captured and killed
The uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt in February 2011 exploded demonstrations in Libya. A coalition led by Washington, Paris and London is supporting its armed uprising. . He was captured and killed on October 20, 2011 during the battle for his native city of Stir, east of Tripoli.
Three days later, the National Transitional Council of the Revolutionary Guards (NTC) announces the "complete liberation" of Libya.
In August 2012, NTC handed over power to a transitional body elected a month earlier – General National Congress (GNC).
Embassies targeted at
US Ambassador Chris Stevens and three American staffs perished on September 11, 2012 Assault on their Consulate in the second city of Libya, Benghazi. A group of jihadists affiliated with Al Qaeda is being charged.
An automobile bomb in April 2013 targeted the French embassy in Tripoli, detrimental to two French guards.
The general of the army of dissidents Haftar begins an offensive in May 2014 against jihadist groups in Benghazi. He is supported by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates.
Several military officers from the east join the self-proclaimed Libyan National Army.
Since nationalists and Islamists compete for power, parliamentary elections are held in June, and GNC – replaced by parliament, where anti-Islamists dominate.
Under the leadership of Islamists, the police dispute the results and the group under the flag "Fajr Libya" (Libya Svitanok). They storm Tripoli in August, establishing their own government of "national salvation" and restoring the GNC.
Elected home with international recognition, hides in the eastern city of Tobruk near the border with Egypt. The country is with two governments and two parliaments.
After months of negotiations and international pressure, parliamentarians from rivals' parliaments are signing an agreement on the establishment of a GNA Government in Morocco in December 2015. 19659002] In March 2016, the head of the DPA Fayez al-Sarraj arrived in Tripoli to create a new government, but the competing administration of Gaftar refuses to recognize its authority.
Peace Talks, Armed Groups
In July 2017 Sarrae and Haftar meet at Paris, where they agree to cease fire and make elections next year.
In May 2018, a few weeks after suicide bombings from the Islamic state, 14 people were killed by the election commission, both men are again meeting in the French capital and are obliged to hold parliamentary and presidential elections at the end of the year.
After several days of fighting, Hafthar's forces announced they were returning to "complete control," and also captured the city of Dernah from radical Islamists.
In January 2019, "Haftar" begins an offensive oil-rich southern Libya. aimed at the destruction of "terrorists" and criminal groups.
His forces captured the capital of the region of Sebha and one of the main oil fields in the country without a fight.
On February 28, the UN stated that Libya's rivals met and agreed to conduct a survey
In March, the UN said that a conference will be organized next month to develop a "road map" for Libya, including setting deadlines for legislative and presidential elections.
Later in March, the African Union stated that the "reconciliation" conference in July would be held, aimed at the unification of Libyan political rivals.
Advance in Tripoli
they are preparing to move west of the country, including Tripoli.
A day later, powerful armed groups from the western city of Misrata, loyal to the government of Tripoli, give an oath to block the looming advance.
UN head Antonio Guterres expresses deep concern at the risk of a serious exacerbation in Libya.
Hafthar orders his troops to advance in Tripoli, saying "time has come". The capital later on this day without any battles, says General Abdesaal al-Hassi.
However, a security source says security lawyers from the coastal city of Zawiya return the base after a "brief exchange".