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/ Source: Space.com
By Mike Wall
Israel simply became the seventh country in orbit month
After a gradual pulling out of the Earth during the past six weeks, an Israeli spacecraft known as the Beresheet flew into orbit around Thursday afternoon.
This was a historic achievement for a small work, but it opens the way to something truly epic: an attempt to land a month in a week. If Beresheet succeeds on April 1
"Lunar delight is a historic event in itself, but it also joins Israel in the club of seven nations that went into the moon," said Morris Cahn. "A week later, we will make more history when landing on the Moon, joining the three superpowers that did it. Today I am proud to be an Israeli. "
Kan Space Chairs, a nonprofit organization that manages the mission of Beresheet with Israel Aerospace Industries, the largest aerospace and defense contractor in the country.
The superstate, which he mentioned, is the Soviet government The United States, the United States and China.So Beresheet also seeks to strike at inexpensive space exploration;
The Beresheet mission began its work in 2011 when SpaceIL was formed to compete in the Google Lunar X (GLXP) award.
GLXP complained private teams to land a robot on the moon, shift take it to the surface at a distance of not less than 1,650 feet (500 meters) and transmit to the Earth a high resolution image. The first group that completed these tasks was $ 20 million and the second place $ 5 million. An additional $ 5 million were available for various special achievements, bringing a total purse of up to $ 30 million.The contest ended last year without a winner, but he still achieved success in his ultimate goal as demonstrated by the progress of SpaceIL. And several other former GLXP teams, including the American company Moon Express, also continued to develop their spacecraft.
Beresheet launched into Earth's orbit over SpaceX Falcon 9 missiles on the night of February 21. The engine burns in the next six weeks, pushing the most distant parts of its elliptical orbit closer and closer to the Moon.
And on Thursday, the month stretched out and grabbed Beresheet. The landmark was made after a six-minute engine burn, which began at 10:18 AM ET. This braking maneuver has reduced the Beresheet speed relative to the Moon, which allowed the moon to grab the craft, said team members of the project.
"Six weeks later in space, we were able to overcome one more critical stage by introducing the gravity of the Moon," SpaceIL said, CEO Ido Anteby. "We are still a long way to land on the moon, but I'm convinced that our team will complete the mission of landing the first Israeli spacecraft on the Moon, which will make us proud."
Lander will hold the next week and circulate its orbit and prepare for landing, which will take place on the lunar side of the Mare Serenitatis ("Sea of Peace"). The mission will end shortly after this historic moment; It is expected that Beresheet will only work on two or three Earth days on the surface of the Moon
Lanter will collect data during his time around and on the Moon; for example, will measure the local magnetic fields of the Moon. And Beresheet is conducting a demonstration of technology for NASA, a small laser retro-reflex array that could help future spacecraft perform accurate landing on the moon and other celestial bodies
But the main goals of Beresheet are not scientific. The mission is to promote the space program of Israel and inspire children around the world – but especially in Israel – to take more care of science, technology, technology and math.
This expansion work has already begun. SpaceIL personnel met with more than 1 million Israeli students, as a non-profit organization was created in 2011, members of the mission said. Beresheet handlers have published photographs of Earth's orbit showing the Israeli flag in the foreground and its native planet in the background
Beresheet also helps to preserve human culture. The chain carries a temporal capsule containing, among other things, the "lunar library", a publicly-owned non-profit organization "Arch Mission".
"By delivering many copies to many places and constantly updating them with new payouts, we intend to gradually shake the solar system with the records of our civilization," – representatives of the Arch Mission Foundation
. "The more Arch archives we deliver to a billionth archive, and [the] more places where we store them, it is more likely that at least some of them will survive for billions of years
Originally published on Space.com
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