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Is Israel going to become the fourth nation to land on the moon?



A man on the moon is about to get to the eye. This evening, an explosion in space is the first privately funded mission to the moon.

With the launch of the SpaceX missile from Cape Canaveral in Florida, Israeli SpaceIL will send a spaceship to the Moon's orbit, and once in April, an attempt to land a trigger called Beresheet (in Hebrew as "Genesis") on a site that is often displayed the moon's surface, as the right eye of a man on the moon.

Can I watch the launch?

Yes. This should happen late on Thursday, February 21st, at 20:45 EST, at 17:45 PST, which is early morning on 01:45 GMT. Go to SpaceIL or Twitter on the link, either directly to the SpaceX webcast or live streaming to YouTube.

Beresheet will be the second load on the SpaceX Falcon 9, which will begin later today Cape Canaveral, FL

  NASA

Israel will become the fourth nation to have its flag on the moon after the United States, Russia and China. Image: NASA

(Image: © NASA)

What is a special mission?

This is not only the first private mission on the Moon, but also the first Israeli spacecraft. If he landed successfully, he will see that Israel becomes the fourth nation to land on the moon after the United States, Russia and China.

Beresheet will also be the smallest lunar passenger, which will not be bigger than a document cabinet, and weighs only 600 kg. It cost 90 million dollars (about 69 million pounds sterling, 1

27 million dollars), part of the Israeli government, but the vast majority – from private investors.

  The Moon

Sea of ​​Peace is the right eye of a man on the moon. Image: Jamie Carter

(Image: © Jamie Carter)

As Beresheet Falls on the Moon

This is a rather complicated and slow but exciting process. After switching to a large elliptical orbit, Beresheet will turn the Earth three times, each of which will take 19 hours before launching a rocket to increase the orbit's peak. In the end, its elliptical orbit will carry it to the distance of the Moon, and when it captures the orbit of the Moon, Bereshet will slow down and enter the elliptical orbit around our satellite on April 4th.

When and where will Beresheet land on the moon?

After the transition to a near orbit, April 11 is the planned date of an attempt to land on a lunar surface. The Cosmic IL is oriented on the Serenity Sea, the ancient plain of the lava in the northern hemisphere of the Moon. April 11, the moon will be in the first quarter, which is crucial, because the Serenity Sea will shine. This area of ​​the Moon was previously visited, especially by NASA's Apollo 17 mission in 1972.

Space IL will communicate with Beresheet using ground stations in Chile, Sweden, Hawaii, Germany and Australia.

  Beresheet

is loaded onto a cargo plane in Israel before flying to Florida. Image: Eliran Avital

(Image: © Eliran Avital)

What will Beresheet do on the Moon?

He will photograph and measure the magnetic field of the Moon over a landing site using a built-in magnetometer. Together with the Weizmann and UCLA Institute of Science, Beresheet will try to unravel the mystery of why the magnetic field strength of the Moon changes in Mori's Quietness. It is believed that this could be due to the presence of potassium, uranium and thorium.

NASA's retro-reflector, which displays laser beams, is also installed, which NASA will use to accurately detect Beresheet and thus check the landing. 19659002] However, Beresheet has a very short service life and is expected to last no more than two days. It's actually a proof-of-concept car, originally created to compete with Google Lunar XPRIZE. The $ 20 million prize contributed to the construction, launch, and landing of an unmanned spacecraft on the Moon by a private company. SpaceIL was a finalist, but the competition eventually ended without winners March 31, 2018, when Google ceased to sponsor.

  SpaceX

Beresheet will launch on SpaceX Falcon 9 later today. Image: SpaceX

(Image: © SpaceX)

What is Beresheet?

Time Capsule. The three disks inside Beresheet contain hundreds of digital files detailing the spacecraft and the crew that built it, as well as many Israeli national symbols, including the Declaration of Independence of Israel, the Bible, the national anthem of Israel, Khatiqa, the Israeli flag, Israeli literature and songs. He also received paintings, dictionaries in 27 languages ​​and a copy of Wikipedia.

"We do not know how long the spacecraft and the time capsule will remain on the Moon," says Jonathan Vinterab, one of the founders of SpaceIL. "It is possible that future generations will find this information and want to learn more about this historical moment."

  Beresheet

Beresheet during the meeting. Image: SpaceIL

(Image: © SpaceIL)

What will SpaceIL do next?

The engineering knowledge gained during the development of the mission will not be deserted. In fact, manufacturers of the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) have already joined the German company OHB System to develop a commercial Lunas Surface Access (LSAS) service for a payload of up to 150 kg for sale in the European Space Agency (ESA). Much will depend on the success or mismatch of the Beresheet, but the availability of an off-road lunar device will help ESA easier and more affordable to test technologies for the production of oxygen, water and other lumber-containing materials

as always, a long-term human colonization of the space from the Earth-Moon system . Can Beresheet help you achieve what's still to be seen, but this seemingly small, accessible mission can still have great consequences.


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