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Explanation: Low levels of vaccination, global outbreaks of fuel spread in the US



(Reuters) – An outbreak of measles that hit at least 225 people in New York from October began with a traveler who visited Israel during Jewish holidays and returned to the predominantly ultra-Orthodox Jewish district of the Rockland County.

A poster from a cortex was seen at the Venice Family Clinic in Los Angeles, California on February 5, 2015. RAYTERS / Lucy Nicholson

A similar picture unfolded in three months and nearly 3,000 miles (4,800 kilometers) when a person who visited Eastern Europe returned to a community with strong ties with a local church group in Vancouver, Wash. There were more than 50 people sick.

In both cases, American travelers took measles in foreign countries where a very infectious disease was obscured and returned to places where vaccination rates were too low in the United States of America, leading to the worst outbreaks in these countries . for decades.

American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that the New York City outbreak is the highest rate of imported cases since measles was declared destroyed in the United States in the year 2000.

Two outbreaks seem to be curtailed, say Health Workers, after concerted efforts to pinpoint the origin and isolate and instigate those who were exposed but unprotected and educated the parents who resisted the vaccine. The disease has spread mainly among school-age children whose parents refused to vaccinate them. Most quoted philosophical or religious reasons, or concerns, are scattered by medical science, – that triple-span measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccines can cause autism.

The New York State Health Commissioner, Dr. Howard Zucker, said that another key factor is simply "self-complacency" in the age when the potential corruptible effects of the bark of unknown adults who are adolescents after the introduction of the vaccine in 1957

Rockland County, a suburb north of Manhattan, taking into account the bulk of cases, has been vaccinated by the state of 15,000 children since the outbreak began last fall, said Zucker. Brooklyn District of New York was another hot spot.

However, officials say the crisis in the field of crust in New York and Washington states a lesson on the importance of maintaining a minimum level of immunization of the herd against dangerous, preventative diseases such as measles. He also highlights the global nature of disease control, in which the hot spot of infection in one country may ignite a distant outbreak in a weak spot, said Dr. Scott Lindquist, Washington's chief epidemiologist.

Here are some key facts about bark and immunization, according to public health experts and the CDC.

WHAT IMMUNIZATIONAL COURSES IS IDEAL? To ensure sufficient "herd" protection in this population requires a 95 percent immunization level. Prices of as much as 60 percent were found in some parts of New York, where the crust is spreading, said Zucker.

HOW CAN THE BEAUTY BE EXPECTED? Symptoms usually include high fever, coughing, runny nose and watery eyes, followed by tiny white spots inside the mouth and red rash that can cover the body. Serious and potentially fatal complications, especially in young children and pregnant women, may include pneumonia and brain edema. Ear infections occur in about 10% of children with measles and can lead to permanent loss of hearing. One of the rare but deadly complications is subacute panacea (SSPE), which can attack the central nervous system seven to 10 years after a person recovered from the bark.

A bottle of measles, mumps and rubella vaccine and a newsletter can be seen at the Boston Children's Hospital in Boston, Mass., February 26, 2015 REUTERS / Brian Snyder

HOW TO SAFETY? The measles spread through an accidental contact with a virus that may be delayed and remain infectious in the air within a closed space for two hours after it was pulled out by someone who carries the disease. The transmission rate from an infected person to another person near the immune system is about 90 percent.

ORIGIN OF LAST EXITS?

The Public Health Authority states that the deficiency of the virus found in the state of Washington corresponds to that widely distributed in Ukraine since last year. In New York, certain outbreaks of bursts of flames broke out in Israel and Eastern Europe.

Report by Steve Gorman in Los Angeles; Editing Bill Tarrant and Peter Cooney

Our Standards: Principles of Trust to Thomson Reuters

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