Meanwhile, European astronauts will continue to demand alternative trips to the ISS for their missions.
“I am delighted to be the first European to fly a new generation of American spacecraft,” said Pesquet, who has already spent 197 days on the ISS in 2016 and 2017.
Until now, European astronauts have been able to reach the ISS only through the discontinued space program of NASA or Russia’s Soyuz.
ESA Director General Jan Werner said the agreement illustrates the “international nature of human spaceflight”, although it uses a commercial spacecraft built in the United States.
The 2021mission, dubbed Alpha, marks the first time in decades that a European astronaut was launched into space from the United States.