Because Indian voters go to elections in the first phase of national parliamentary elections in the country, they may help to decide if the greatest democracy in the world will continue to deserve such a mark.
Indian elections in 2019, which should become one of the most expensive in the world, will be held in seven stages until May 19. In these phases, each in different regions of the country, voters elect their representatives in Locke. Sabha, Lower House of Parliament of India. The states of Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh will also hold elections for their legislative assemblies at the state level. After the last stage, the votes will be counted, and the newly elected or reelected members of Locke Sabha will elect the next Prime Minister of India. The contest will almost certainly come to the current prime minister Narendra Modi of the Bharati Janat party (BJP) and Rahula Gandhi of the Indian National Congress Party. It is expected that of 1,3 billion people in India, 900 million people will elect their leaders.
The 2014 elections in which Modi and the BDP claimed widespread victory were cut off from the firm, liberal, historically dominant congressional party, which last led India from 2004 to 14 under the leadership of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. It was seen as Modi's Revolutionary Revolution, a conservative rebuilding of India's values in the near future, after the congressional rule, which observed several large-scale corruption scandals. This year's elections will decide if this political change will continue: if he wins again, he will not only become the second non-congressional prime minister after the full suspension of the Atal Bihar Viypaye in 1998-2004; he will be the first prime minister outside the Congress Party, who will be elected for a second term.
The vote will be considered as a referendum on the most right administration that will govern India after independence. At Modi's time, it was a half-decade-long banner for Indian fundamentalist Hindus, who, after decades on the periphery, adopted their most widespread and extremely political form. People in the upper reaches of the government regularly advertise Hindu nationalist moments. Free markets, privatization of public services and minimal government intervention are key to prosperity. Climate change is a problem that does not require much investment. Citizens who protest against the government or even touch the cows are considered non-patriotic and worthy of beatings. The crimes against hatred against Muslims and groups of the lower caste rose sharply, and the government often turned to the other side. School textbooks rewrote the history of India to make it more Hindu-oriented, and major universities were infiltrated by nationalists.
But although for Modi's base base it was several years old, not everything he did was satisfied. As James Crabtree remarked in his book, inequality has massively expanded decades after India returned to the capitalist system – today, the first 1 percent of the Indians hold almost three-quarters of the country's wealth. Despite the promise of Modi to revitalize the economy, which should be achieved through the "Make in India" cell and expand trade relations with various countries, its citizens are suffering from high levels of unemployment, wage cuts and sudden, slow economic growth. And his most eclectic economic policy, demonetization – the deprivation of India's two highest bank notes, according to their values, to suppress criminals – was a depressing failure. This event only hit the poorest Indians, which led to significant job losses, and almost nothing helped stop the illegal flow of money. In addition, former chairman of the Indian election commissioner O.P. Rawat not only argued that politics did not affect the cessation of the use of dark money in the elections, but, in fact, this year, it seems, more than that.
Last year was the first indication that these difficulties would be badly displayed on Modi: There was a recession in regular Modi election numbers, and in the local elections the Congressional Party played a controlling role in the legislatures in the three states under the control of the BJP.
Under the supervision of Narendra Modi, it was a half-decade banner for fundamentalists of India Hindus.
However, recent events in Kashmir and Pakistan offset this fall. On February 14, members of the Pakistani militant group Jash-e-Mohammed committed suicide in the Kashmir-controlled part of India, killing more than 40 Indian soldiers. In response, India began launching aviators targeting what was supposed to be a Pakistani military base, and two countries claimed to have fired each other with fighter jets, while Pakistan took the hostage of an Indian pilot. It was the most aggressive manifestation of power between the two nuclear rivals for decades, and the renewed national tension caused by tension was good for Modi polls.
These elections also called for more and more concerns about where Indian voters receive information. According to BJP's chief editor of social networks, 2019 is "the first year of WhatsApp's election in India", and political parties have doubled into campaign through the program. Nevertheless, WhatsApp and Facebook, with their largest user base in the country, were catnip for spreading misinformation, often spreading vivid, fanatical ties that led to brutal violence against Muslims and other non-Hindustan groups, much of which can be found in the largest political parties – in 2016, a former social media volunteer BJP entitled "I am trolls b " asserted that the digital strategy right party encourages criticism of prominent political parties. Liberals and Muslims and women.
To try to stop the misinformation ahead of the polls, the Indian Electoral Commission has asked the social media companies to comply with their code of conduct, which is generally applicable to candidates, which should prevent unpleasant images and impose rules on actions that win the property. campaigns In concert, Facebook, WhatsApp, and even Google "promis [ed] to remove any deliberately misleading information within three hours." Facebook has recently removed hundreds of pages and accounts in India and Pakistan that have made false news. Although nearly 700 pages were linked to the Congressional Party, there were over 100 references to the military units of Pakistan. One page of an ancongress with 2.6 million followers was affiliated with Silver Touch Technologies, a company that reportedly created a personal program Modi, NaMo, who was also accused of distributing misinformation.
So what does all this mean for the next couple of months? Overall forecast – Fashion will remain prime minister, but will not have full luxury of party control. A Times Times study – The VMR predicts that of 545 seats Lok Sabha will receive 279 seats for the National Democratic Alliance (BJP coalition with ideologically agreed parties) and 149 – an united progressive alliance (the coalition of the Congress Party). Although it is expected that the Congress will increase in these elections, it will probably not be enough anywhere to be effective against the opposition of the Modi administration.
Nevertheless, the party looks as if it will be in a much better position than even six years ago, although this is most likely due to the BJP's negative reaction rather than the sudden restoration of the values of the Congress, namely anti-discrimination policy , freedom of the press, well-funded social security, as well as significant investments in public and private enterprises. But even if the Congress restores significant power, it is unclear whether it will be able to return to its former levels without a significant revision of its power structure. BJP has been working for decades to get here, and no matter how the elections are going, it is unlikely that it will soon lose its newly created relevance. The party promises to once again make India Hindu, using its narrow definition, and nothing that its most accomplished followers will do to make it.
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