Too much salt – and not enough whole grains, fruits and vegetables – can shave years from our lives, says a new analysis.
In a study published Wednesday in the journal Lancet researchers looked at people's eating habits in 195 countries to assess how bad a diet contributes to mortality.
Their findings? That 11 million people die every year around the world, because, at least in part, some products or their absence, according to the study.
The leading author, Ashkan Afshin, an epidemiologist at the University of Washington, said that researchers estimated that overall, poor diets are the cause of more deaths worldwide than any other risk factor, including cigarette smoking, which is one of the largest threats to the health of the population.
The problem, he says, is not only that people eat, but this is something they do not eat.
The study estimated that around 3 million deaths were associated with excessive sodium content, but another 3 million deaths were due to the lack of adequate whole grains and another 2 million.
Experts argue that this is confirmed by the fact that medical professionals have been teaching for many years ̵
Afshin, an associate professor at the University of Washington DC Department of Health "Healthy", said researchers have assessed the data on dietary intake, food sales, and home spending over the past three decades to assess the impact of a poor diet on non-communicable diseases , for example, heart disease.
Researchers estimated that in 2017, cardiovascular disease was the leading cause of world-related deaths in the world, followed by some types of cancer and diabetes.
"The results are based on limited data and assumptions, but consistent conclusions are made by Marion Nestle, professor of nutrition, food research and health at New York University, Nestlé said that researchers seem to recommend a significant but not exclusively, a herbal diet ", and that's what everyone is saying these days."
Afshin told a country where people eat a Mediterranean diet – with high heart-healthy. Fats and fiber are best with the help of a model of researchers. , Israel ranks first in number by fewer deaths related to diets. France and Spain ranked second and third respectively according to the study
Afshin identified the Mediterranean diet as one of the high intake of fruits, vegetables, nuts and healthy oils such as olive oil oil
Uzbekistan, a former Soviet republic, where refined carbohydrates such as bread and pasta are the heaviest, died in 891 per 100,000 population
Bruce Lee, associate professor at the Department of International Health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and executive director of the Global Obesity Prevention Center, said the study provides further support for the fact that bad diets are concerned with non-infectious diseases that became the leading killer
Physical inactivity, as well as various environmental, economic and social factors, are major contributors, he said.
"Diet can promote non-infectious diseases (NCDs) due to increased body weight and obesity, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia or high levels of fat in the blood, and conditions that lead to high levels of blood sugar," said Li in an e-mail message. .
He added that one problem is that "unhealthy foods, such as those that are highly processed with artificial ingredients, are often cheaper to produce, store, dispatch and cook.
But is a bad diet really responsible for more deaths than even smoking cigarettes?
Nestlé, of New York University, suggested that it makes sense that dietary risks are higher because everyone eats – but not everyone smokes. Thus, she said that "diet is a factor a risk to all. "
The researchers did not find a country that consistently pops up For example, Israel, which scored the highest figure, fell closer to the bottom when it came to the flow of processed meat.
But, according to Afshin, the results should encourage people to try to eat better and develop. policy for the creation and promotion of politics
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