China's space ambitions move to a higher orbit.
After a successful and world-wide beating trip to the far side of the moon, China is preparing to build a solar power station in space, as the world's No. 2 economy seeks to sign its powers of the superpower. With an annual budget of $ 8 billion for its space program, second only to the United States, China seeks to compete with its rival for economic, military and technological domination.
Scientists have already begun building an experimental base in a western Chinese city. Chongqing Initially, they plan to develop a smaller power plant in the stratosphere between 2021 and 2025, a solar installation of 1
China did in space:
Space scientists have successfully landed the moon probe on the far side of the Moon on January 3, limiting the series of missions and promoting the ambitions of China. Landing to the unknown region will allow Chiang R-4, a rover named after the mythical goddess of the Moon, to study the moon better because of the absence of electromagnetic interference from the Earth. The car is equipped with a low-frequency radio spectrometer, which helps scientists understand "how the early stars were lit and how our space went out of the dark after the Big Bang," Xinhua's official news agency reports in China.
] Recalling the science fiction movie "Martian" in 2015, which featured Matt Damon, the Chinese lunar mission also tests if a barren moon can support life. Photos from Chan-4 last month showed the first green leaf of cotton seeds in the nineteen days after the experiment began, according to the Chongqing University, which led the biological project. Test mission on mission was made of cotton, canola, potato, yeast and fruit fly.
China has more such missions in the pipeline. Another four versions of the Chanier sensor are at the stage, at least two of them plan to land at the southern pole of the moon, according to U Yanhua, vice administrator of the Chinese National Space Administration. The agency will also study the creation of a research base for the moon. The Mars probe is likely to end this decade.
China is aiming to build its own space station about 2022. Called Tiangong, or Heavenly Palace, it will have a main module and two other modules for experiments, a total weight of 66 tons and capable of carrying three people with a developed life cycle of at least 10 years. The subject will be used for research in dozens of disciplines, including biology, physics and science.
President Xi Jinping weakened the government's monopoly on space launches, stimulating the formation of small domestic companies such sophisticated companies as Elon Mask Space Exploration, Blue Origin Jeff Bezos and Virgin Galactic Richard Branson. Startups receive funding from Chinese venture capitalists and investors from private investment, and can rely on the experience of rocket scientists from China's space program.
Given its rivalry from the United States to heaven, China is spending at least $ 9 billion to build a navigation system and reduce its dependence on American GPS – whose satellites of location data are used by smartphones, car navigation systems, microchips in your dog's neck and guided missiles. And all these satellites are controlled by US Air Force, which makes the Chinese government inconvenient. Thus, it has developed an alternative called Beidou Navigation System, which will ultimately ensure the accuracy of positioning 1 meter (3 feet) or less using a terrestrial support system.
Asian authorities develop sophisticated space capabilities such as "satellite inspection and repair" and purification of orbital waste – "at least some of them could also function" as weapons against American satellites, reported this month. The Chinese Foreign Ministry said that the US statement was "groundless."