ATLANTA (CNN) – The risk of a heart attack seems to increase among young women, according to a new study, and researchers are trying to find out why.
In an analysis of ninety-year intervals, the overall proportion of heart attack cases in the United States occurring in young patients between the ages of 35 and 54 has steadily increased from 27% in 1995 -99 years to 32% in 2010-14, with the largest increase observed in young women, according to a study published recently in the journal Circulation.
During these periods, these methods increased from 21% to 31% among young women, compared with 30% to 33% among young men, the study showed.
"The announcement that a growing percentage of heart attacks occur among young patients, despite the fact that our population is aging, and the largest increase seems to be among young women," said Melissa Kaghi, senior author of the Udi project and lecturer of the department. Cardiology at the School of Medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
A heart attack or acute myocardial infarction occurs when a part of the heart does not receive enough blood. Annually, about 790,000 Americans have a heart attack, report American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Heart attacks are most often the result of heart disease, the leading cause of death in the United States.
On a global scale, 85% of all deaths associated with cardiovascular disease are associated with heart attacks and strokes.
A new study reported data on 28,732 hospitalizations for heart attacks in patients between 35 and 74 years between 1
Data from the Atherosclerosis Risk Study in Communities or ARICs. : Forsyth County, North Carolina; Washington County, Maryland; Jackson, Mississippi; and eight northwest outskirts of Minneapolis
The researchers carefully considered young patients between the ages of 35 and 54 who accounted for 30 percent of hospitalizations
. Between 1995 and 2014, among young men, there was an increase among young women as researchers said.
"When we considered morbidity – the number of patients who each year had a heart attack, divided by the total population of patients in the group – we saw that there was actually a decrease in morbidity among young men, and this kind of parallel with what we see in the older population, but we have seen that there is a slight increase for young women, "said Caughey. 19659002] "It was strange, because it contradicts other trends in other demographic groups," she said. "There have been preliminary studies from the same ARIC monitoring that showed a decrease, and they were predominantly in older groups or elderly patients … National trends also show the same as a decrease in heart attack rate
Young women more often than not had health insurance and history of hypertension, diabetes, and diabetes , chronic kidney disease and stroke, researchers found. Young women were also more likely to be black and less likely to be smokers
The study, which was published on the Internet in November, had certain limitations, including those relating to data from only four communities. 19659002] In addition, the data were limited to medical data and did not include information on obesity, a known risk factor for heart attack.
Thought when he saw high levels of diabetes in women, "what about obesity?" And there was no research information on whether these were the same Inca obesity, "said Dr. Nicka Goldberg, a cardiologist and medical director of the Center for Women's Health, Joan H.
. Such risk factors, including diabetes mellitus 2 and high blood pressure, can help explain, why there is an increase in heart attacks among young women, but additional research is needed to really determine what can lead to this
"It's difficult. Are there any risk factors and symptoms recognized by providers? Are patients, although they have insurance, set time for appointment? did they just give up? "
" It is possible, but look at other behaviors in this age group. People work and spend more time than in the past on their workplaces and are not physically active. Lack of physical activity is also a risk factor. , "she said." Lack of sleep and increased stress increases blood pressure; it's also a risk factor. "
The results of the study" are particularly striking because the population is getting older, yet we see that a greater proportion of patients with heart attack are young patients, "said Dr. Harmony Reynolds, co-leader of the Center for Women's Heart- vascular research by Sarah Ross Soter, as well as an associate professor of medicine at the New York School of Medicine in New York
"In particular, we see that among young women and especially young African Americans.
In addition, women are less likely to receive certain types of therapy, such as drugs that lower cholesterol and prevent blood coagulation. However, despite previous studies on the highest mortality rate among women who had heart attacks, the risk of death from any cause after a year was comparable to that of women against men.
Reynolds said that many people are not aware of their risk factors for a heart attack and should be proactive in relation to with Concerned with their doctors on how to reduce risk
Another study published last year in the Circulation magazine found that adult adults have various infections in women who are more likely to have unusual symptoms, such as nausea or sweating. and younger women more often than men experience lesser known acute symptoms of heart attack in addition to chest pain – and more than half of the doctors who see women who seek these symptoms do not understand that the symptoms are heart-related. Some of these symptoms of heart attack may also include shortness of breath; frivolity; or feeling pain or discomfort in one or both hands, back, neck, jaw, or stomach, according to the American Heart Association.
"Some people expect a heart attack to feel what it looks like in films – how people are going to grab their chests and lie on the floor and feel horribly – and for some people it's much more subtle than that," Reynolds said. . "I saw someone last week who felt a heart attack in two front teeth."
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