WASHINGTON – On Monday, the United States called the Iranian Guard Corps a foreign terrorist organization, an unprecedented declaration against a foreign government that could provoke retaliation and complicate the work of US diplomats and military officers
. The United States first designated the substitute for another the government of a terrorist organization, putting a group of large economic resources in charge of the supreme leader of Iran in the same category as al-Qaida and the Islamic State.
"This unprecedented step, headed by the State Department, recognizes the reality that Iran is not only a state sponsor of terrorism, but also the IRGC is actively involved, finances and promotes terrorism as an instrument of public administration." President Donald Trump said in a statement on this event.
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated that the purpose of the appointment was to increase the pressure on Iran for its further and distraction of some of the financial resources it uses to finance terrorism and militant activities in the Middle East and beyond. But, besides the potential for Iranian retribution, it complicates the delicate balance of US personnel in at least two key countries. the possibility of rehabilitation, as well as the effectiveness against an organization that is already subject to sanctions, say two US officials who spoke on anonymity terms, because they were not authorized to discuss this decision.
Pompeo said that this step was part of the "maximum pressure" on Iran to stop supporting the terrorist sites and militant activities that destabilized the Middle East. Speaking to journalists, he broke off the list of attacks pertaining to the 1980s, for which the United States adheres to Iran and is responsible for the IRGC, beginning with an attack on the Marine Corps Barracks in Beirut, Lebanon, in 1983.
Sanctions were announced, that is, US troops and diplomats could not be allowed to speak to the Iraqi or Lebanese authorities that deal with officials or surrogates. Such contacts are now taking place between US officials in Iraq dealing with Shiite militias affiliated with Iran and in Lebanon, where Iran's Hezbollah-supported Hezbollah is in parliament and in government.
appointment if the relocation did not allow contact with other foreign officials who may have met or communicated with the security guard. These concerns have partly prevented the previous administrations from taking this step, which has been under consideration for more than ten years.
The Justice Department said on Monday that it would violate the offense, but officials refused to say how widely they would interpret the provision prohibiting "IRGC" support material. Harsh interpretations would leave hundreds of European companies and executives in danger of being banned from traveling or punishing the United States , as well as limit the ability of American officials to deal with foreign colleagues who are in contact with a guard.
Purpose "raises the question whether it is possible to prosecute a criminal response lnist for non-US company or individual for commercial transactions with the Iranian company controlled by IRGC », – said Anthony Rapa, lawyer international trade and national security of Kirkland and Ellis.
Critics of harsh politics also consider it a prelude to conflict.
"This step closes another potential entrance for peaceful tensions with Iran," said Trita Parsi, founder of the National Iranian-American Council. "After all the doors are closed and diplomacy becomes impossible, the war will inevitably become inevitable."
A National Security Action, a group composed mostly of former Obama administration officials, said it would endanger American troops, putting at risk the 2015 nuclear deal that Iran still adheres to.
"We need to call today's step for what it is: another dangerous and victorious tactic that threatens our troops and does not serve anyone, except for the purpose of the Trump administration to destroy the deal with Iran,
The notation can also open hundreds of foreign companies and business leaders to US travel bans and possible prosecution for violating sanctions.
The IRGC is a paramilitary organization established after Iran's Islamic revolution in 1979. Government: Only the Supreme Leader of Iran is responsible for power, operates independently of the regulator bright military and has great economic interests throughout the country.The US estimates that it can control or have a significant impact on up to 50% of the Iranian economy, including non-military sectors such as banking and shipping.
Iran has long been appointed "state Sponsor of Terrorism "The United States and the State Department are currently nominating more than 60 organizations as" foreign terrorist organizations. "None of these are state military.
Iran reacted immediately to the appointment of its National Security Council, which appointed the Central Command of the United States, also known as CENTCOM, and all its forces, both terrorist and US marking. Supporter of Terrorism.
The Council condemned the US decision as "illegal and dangerous" and stated that the US government would be responsible for all the "dangerous consequences" of its decision. She defended IRGC fighting Islamic militants as a force against terrorism
US military commanders planned to warn US troops remaining in Iraq, Syria and other regions about the possibility of retaliation. In addition to Iraq, where there are about 5.2 thousand American troops, as well as Syria, where there are about 2 thousand servicemen, the 5th US Navy, which operates in the Persian Gulf from its base in Bahrain, and the Al-Udayid Air Base in Qatar
US Special Envoy for Iran Brian Hook and Nathan Sale of the State Department's Terrorism Coordinator said that the decision was taken after consultation with government agencies, but will not speak at a press conference if the military or
"It's not hinders our diplomacy, "said Hooke, not developing He noted that the US at different times had contact or even formal negotiations with members of the groups subject to sanctions.
The response from those who advocated a tougher engagement with Iran was quick and welcoming. Dear friend, President of the United States, Donald Trump, "said Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in a tweet the day before it may be a close choice. "Thank you for responding to my other important queries that are in the interests of our countries and countries of the region."
Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, called this action "overdue," but an important step that should be followed by additional sanctions.
Rep. Michael McCall, Texas, the highest republican foreign affairs committee, said that the appointment "ends the facade that the IRGC is part of normal military force."
called it "an imperative for security in the Middle East, peace and stability, and an urgent and necessary step to end the war and terrorism throughout the region and the world"
Suzanne George in Washington; Nasser Karimi in Tehran, Iran and Aya Batravi in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, contributed to this report