President Algiers Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigned with immediate influence, according to state media reports, passing power in front of massive street protests against his 20-year rule.
The patient, a 82-year-old leader, announced that he was walking in a letter posted by the APS news agency on Tuesday, just hours after the army commander demanded immediate action to remove him from his post.
"I intend to … encourage the souls and minds of the citizens because they can collectively take Algeria for a better future to which they seek," Boutflika said in a letter to the President of the Constitutional Council.
"I accepted this a decision to avoid and prevent the arguments that distort, unfortunately, the current situation, and to avoid its transformation into serious clashes to ensure the protection of people and property, "he added.
The announcement triggered a celebration in the capital of Algeria, Algeria, where hundreds of people sang songs and waved flags in front of the central post office of the city.
"This is a victory for my country," said a 25-year-old boy. Kamel who just gave her his name. "We now want the remainder of the old guard to be gone, we also wanted corrupt businessmen to be convicted. We won one political battle, not yet a war"
45 # Urgent
Le président de la République, Abdelaziz #Bouteflika announces the official announcement of #Conseil_constitutionnel and has decided to pay attention to compliance with the residence requirements. pic.twitter.com/cjunX9gwsL
̵1; APS | (@APS_DZ) April 2, 2019
Translation: "The President of the Republic of Abdelaziz Bouteflika officially informed the President of the Constitutional Council of his decision to terminate his office on the post of President of the Republic."
"No place to waste time"
Anti-Boutphilic protests exploded at the end of February, when the longtime president, who rarely met with the public after a stroke in 2013, announced a plan to reach the target date elections
Hundreds of thousands of people, over the course of several weeks, went out on the streets of Algeria and other large cities, calling for the resignation of the president.
On March 11, Buteflika sought to neutralize the riots by abandoning the proposal for re-election. However, he postponed presidential elections indefinitely and announced that he would remain only after the adoption of a new constitution and a successor would be elected.
But public anger continued to rise, forcing key allies to abandon the president.
Ahmed Hyde Salah, chief of staff of the army, called on Boutflika to declare unsuitable for the government last week, and on Monday, the warlord declared that he would resign until the end of his term on April 28.
|Algeria protested against Buteflika since the end of February [Ryad Kramdi/ AFP]|
On Tuesday, Salah reaffirmed his demand for the procedure of impeachment, saying "There is no more space to waste time."
He added: "We decided to clearly … stand with
Under pressure from Tuesday, pressure was created with opposition groups that demanded an immediate departure for Buteflika, and hundreds of students traveled through Algeria to demand the replacement of a political party.  Boutafiq's resignation will put his ally, Abdel-Kadeer Bensal, the head of the upper house of parliament, into the position of the presiding president for 90 days before the election
Nazim Taleb Opposition movement Rachab, speaking with Al Jazeera from Algeria, stated that the Transitional Council needed to lay a way for free and honest Elections in the country.
"Bensalah and the army will not promote free elections. The most trusted people of Buteflix are still part of the system. They do not want free elections because they may be in jail, "he said.
The Algerian people" want to control the elections, control the process, so that a fair vote can reflect the will of the people, "- said Taleb, adding that the Rachab movement was open for the military to be included in any transition period of the body.
Francis Ils, researcher at the Center for International Relations of Barcelona, said that such a temporary council should include old statesmen who "have historic legits as well as the "younger members of society", such as the human rights of lawyers, in order to create a transitional administration that deserves the trust of millions of people who are now on the streets for six weeks already. "
He said that Algeria is lacking in organized the opposition because Buteflika "smashed or opposed any opposition."
"The great challenge for Algeria is to organize this transition, bearing in mind that there are no strong, well-formed parties," Galis told Al Jazeera to the Spanish capital, Madrid.
a historian at the University of Texas, said he was afraid that Salah, the army chief, positioned himself to take control of Algeria.
"Today, he stopped the Buteflik's resignation with the speech he had given on the eve, calling for the immediate resignation of the president," said Brauer Al Jazeera.
"I think this is a person who wants to see himself in But I think that this issue has been ratified by street demonstrators who have enormous energy and momentum moving in this after six weeks of demonstrations, where they really propagated political events forward, in such a way that we in Algeria may never have. "
In Algeria, 65, Galima said she intends to continue testing until the Buteflik's allies also resign.
" We turn the page into history. Algeria, "she said. Al Jazeera.
" The removal of the Buteflika is not enough. about. We want all veterans to leave … The time has come for a new generation
|Buteflika leaves the polling booth before voting in the polls in Algeria, Algeria, November 29, 2012 [File: Mohamed Messara/EPA]|
Jamila Uld Hettab contributed to this report from Algeria.