Of these, 15,000 were killed by a virus. The remaining 5,000 were destroyed as a precautionary measure.
"It started with a few pigs a day, then it was hundreds," said Sleen, a pig farmer and farm businessman from Hebei province, China. "In the end, 800 pigs will die in one day."
African Swine Fever (ASF) destroys the Chinese branch of pork, today the largest in the world. The Dutch bank Rabobank, which provides loans to the global agrarian sector, estimates that in 2019 the population of the country may fall by one third – up to 200 million animals – due to a combination of disease and rejection
This is almost as much the same pigs as in the US and Europe together .
The virus is harmless to humans, but fatal for swine – and there is still no medicine or vaccine. Emergence in Africa, outbreaks were registered in Eastern Europe and Russia before it first appeared in China in August last year.
Since then it has spread to other countries in Asia, including Cambodia and Cambodia
. "good control" of the epidemic. At a press conference last month, Beijing said that the ASF does not apply as quickly as before.
According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the central authorities of China have taken the right steps to control the virus.
"They did everything they could to control the disease, they had a plan, they had a strategy, they reacted very vigorously," said Vincent Martin, a FAO spokeswoman in China.
But the magnitude of the outbreak may be higher than officials estimate, since some farmers report to CNN that the disease is not always recognized at the local level. 19659002] Sun reported initial testing of provincial officials on his Hebei farm were negative for AFS. However, after he published pictures of dead animals on the Internet, the country's disease prevention and control center tested them and confirmed that they were carrying the virus.
In addition, in Hebei, the farmer Zhang Haysi watched as all 600 pigs died. The official cause of death, as she was told, was the usual swine flu.
"Local officials were afraid to be responsible," she told CNN. "They threatened us that the consequences will be if we report to higher authorities, they are afraid of losing their jobs because of this."
CNN contacted the authorities in Hebei for comments, but did not receive a response
Martin, FAO, warned that it could take years before the flash was completely kept.
"I'm not sure what we can say is under control, because we know how complex this disease is," he said. "We have experience in other countries where it took years to cope with these diseases. "
Not enough pork in the world
His pig farm is fragmented." Martin said that there are thousands of small farms that may not have the correct biological protection measures needed to combat the spread of the disease. .
And it's not just manufacturers who are sore. The epidemic can also have wider economic impact: China is the world's largest consumer of pork, the main product for the vast majority of it 1.4 billion people.
According to government forecasts, pork prices may rise to record levels in the second half of 2019 as demand exceeds supply.
Analysts argue that there is not enough pork in the world to cover the expected shortages of China and consumers.
The Rabobank report predicts an "unprecedented" shift in global supply of protein to China to cover the deficit.
Pork producers in Europe and the United States are already beginning to increase supplies to China, although US exports are subject to a 62% tariff on trade with China.
In the lunar calendar 2019 is the year of the pig. This should be a good year. For the Chinese pork industry, this is nothing but.