The presence of only one or two alcoholic beverages per night significantly increases the risk of stroke in later life, has shown a large study.
Oxford University experts said their study of 500,000 people definitely dispels the "myth" of light drinking protects the health
They found that one or two drinks per day increase the risk of stroke over the next ten years by 10 -15%, and four drinks per day by 35%
many experts have argued that drinking modestly has a protective effect – indicating studies that have shown that an unusual glass of wine or pint of beer reduced the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
But critics argue that these studies were imperfect ̵
Oxford University Experts said their study of 500,000 people completely dissipates the "myth" that light drink protects healthy 19659009] Thus, the evidence seems to indicate that light drinkers had less risk than those who did not drink anything at all.
A new study published in the medical journal Lancet has dealt with this problem by using the genetic study of people in China.
One-third of people in China carry a genetic eruption, which means they do not tolerate drinking.
Their genes mean that they have no ability to purify the toxic byproduct of alcohol – making them become nausea and after they are bad. even a small drink.
The researchers tested the genes of people in ten parts of China – and then traced their drinking.
Those who did not drink because of their genetic mutation were tried. Be a reliable marker of zero alcohol intake, because they simply could not bear this drink.
The other two thirds of the participants who did not suffer from one genetic whim could freely drink – and men on average drank four drinks a day and had a much greater risk of suffering high blood pressure and stroke.
BEER BEFORE WINE WILL NOT BE VIEWED
Beer in front of wine and you will feel good as a tactical pilot
In a less surprising discovery, researchers found last month a hangover is just as bad regardless of which order you Drinks.
Scientists gave alcoholic drinks to 90 volunteers in different combinations in a laboratory experiment on two separate nights
Some people were offered to drink two and a half pints of Carlsberg and then four large glasses of white wine. The second group began with wine before the beer
The researchers had to manage the singers who sang and danced with the megaphone. They were sent to bed in the laboratory at 1 am.
The participants were asked about their hangover the following day and rated the so-called sharp hangover scale
The results led by the team at Cambridge University indicated that no matter how you order drinks, if you drink too much, maybe you will be ill.
Dr. Kai Hensel, one of the researchers, said: "The rate of vomiting was a bit higher than I thought. But they liked it.
Chinese women drank very little, regardless of their genetic makeup.
But researcher Professor Sir Richard Peto, co-director of the Clinical Service Department at Oxford University, said he was confident
"If women are men like men, they die like men," he said.
He stressed that the results were not aimed at expelling people – and said that smoking would be
Sir Richard said: "I do not think people are going to change what they are doing due to this results.
"But we have the truth about the history that was Myth for a long time. Professor Changming Chen, also from Oxford, head of research, said: "It was stated that moderate consumption of alcohol is potentially beneficial, especially for cardiovascular diseases.
"This study shows really solid evidence that refutes this assertion. The key message is that this protective effect is not real.
"Even moderate consumption of alcohol increases the chances of a stroke …" He added: "The results of the heart attack were less clear, so we plan to gather more evidence. The study supports official drinking recommendations issued by chief physician Dame Sally Davis in 2016, who warned that there was no "safe" level of alcohol use.
Leading scholars who were initially critical of this leadership said they could change their minds in
David Spiegelhallter, a professor of public understanding of risk at Cambridge University, said: "I have always been convinced that moderate intake of alcohol Protects cardiovascular disease, but now I have my doubts.
He added: "This is a very impressive study that shows that men who accidentally have a combination of non-alcoholic genes have a lower risk of stroke compared to those that do not have these genes."
" The fact that this does not apply to Chinese women who generally do not have any genes suggests that this effect is due to alcohol rather than the genes themselves. "He added:" The increase in overall stroke risk was about 38 percent for every 40 grams of alcohol consumed per day, these are British units or b More than half a bottle of wine.
"To give this some perspective, this is a very roughly opposite effect of taking statin."
The NHS recommends that adults drink no more than 14 units a week – these are 14 single breaths or six pints of beer or a bottle of the floor other wine
WHAT DO YOU HAVE ALCOHOL? 10 QUESTIONS DISCLAIMING YOUR RISK
One screening tool widely used by health professionals is the tests for identifying alcohol abuse abuse. Developed in collaboration with the World Health Organization, the 10-point test is considered a gold standard to help determine whether someone is abusing alcohol.
The test was recreated here with the permission of the WHO.
To complete it, answer each question and write down an appropriate rating.
More than 8: Indication of harmful or dangerous drink.
8-15: Average risk level. Alcohol consumption at the current level puts you at risk of developing health problems and life as a whole, such as work and relationships. Consider the abbreviations (see below).
16-19: Higher risk of complications from alcohol. At this level, contractions may be difficult on their own, as you may be addicted, so you may need professional help from your doctor and / or counselor.
20 years or more: Possible addiction. Your drink is already causing problems to you, and you can be very addictive. It is necessary to think about a gradual cessation or at least a decrease in drinking. You should seek professional help to determine the level of your dependency and the safest way to get out of alcohol.
Medication withdrawal or detoxification in a hospital or in a clinic of specialists may be difficult. This is due to the probability of severe symptoms of withdrawal of alcohol during the first 48 hours, requiring specialized treatment.