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ALBANI – After months of frenzied lobbying, sharp struggle, late night drafting and secret negotiations, the New York State Budget for an amount of $ 175 billion, finally, here.
You can call it the budget of progressive priorities. This is the first budget for a decade to be debated between all Democrats – Governor Andrew M. Cuomo and the Senate and Democratic-led Assembly-and this will turn many long neglected liberal priorities into reality.
Here is your handbook for agreements that will shape life in New York this year and beyond
Overcharging prices are finally here
The idea of charging the drivers of vehicles that are in the most busy part of Manhattan was around for a decade But deputies outside Manhattan always destroyed him, fearing that their members would pay the price without resorting to privileges.
Cuomo, which was overwhelmed by political opponents over the transit system it controls, made over-the-counter pricing compulsory in the negotiations. The Democrats campaigned for a promise to fix the subway, and even many legislators from Manhattan gathered on this plan, as a way to help the Metropolitan Transport Administration.
"We are at a point where Assembly members understand the need to finance the AIT," said Speaker of the Assembly, Carl E. Hestie last week.
Even Mayor Bill de Blasio, who had
New York will be the first city in the country to introduce pricing for overload.
It seems that legalization of recreational marijuana took place this year. Mr. Cuomo, who for a long time was skeptical of what he called the drug gateway, finally announced his support for legalization in December. And Mr. Cuomo is known for wanting to be in Albany.
But it quickly became clear that people had a wildly different vision of legalization
Well-funded medical marijuana companies wanted to be interested. The same was done by progressive black legislators who opposed any bill that did not guarantee returning to their communities. Some suburban lawmakers did not want legalization at all – they are concerned about the implications for public safety and health.
Despite the fact that the activists made a huge impetus at the last moment, hundreds of people passed last week through the Capitol, singing for legalized marijuana – ultimately not included in the budget.
There is still a chance that it can be transmitted separately in the other months of the session. But it may be more difficult to force a vote without a timely budget. And although the next year will always be 2020 – it's the year of elections, and few deputies tend to accept controversial votes in the elections.
Small donors will have a loud voice in the elections – perhaps
the results of last year's elections were the number of officials who were in place, despite deeper pockets and, in many cases, party support.
The rivals who replaced them promised to advance the system of coordination of small donors, which will raise the voices of ordinary New Yorkers over megadonors and may encourage more disorder in the future.
This was predictably worried by some of the old politicians. In the end, why does someone want to change the system that would allow them to win? Mr Heasti said earlier this month that he was not sure he had votes to push public funding.
Hence, the compromise: the budget guarantees a small donor system of matches, but leaves details of the newly formed commission that will determine key details such as the ratio of match limits and contributions
The Commission may create a program in New York that corresponds to a donation of 6 to 1. This will make New York the first country in the country to have an active, reliable, relevant program. Or, it can create a toothless program that effectively stores the old system in place.
"Perhaps the commission can create a successful program," said Jessica Wineski, co-director of the New York Citizen Action Group. Or, she said: "It may be a cynical attempt to kill reform."
New taxes on the rich (just not those taxes)
After the billionaire Kenneth K. Griffin bought a penthouse in Manhattan in the amount of 238 million dollars – the poorest who has ever paid for house in the united states
But the powerful real estate industry, which financed the campaigns of many officials, began to operate. Especially they opposed the recurring nature of the tax, which the developers warned would devastate the high-end market. Tax experts also said that the proposal would be difficult to implement in addition to the outdated system of taxation of real estate in the city.
Thus, again, a compromise was made: instead of a recurring tax on the state, the state will raise it. called "tax on a mansion" and a tax on the transfer of real estate to many millions of properties. These taxes will be a one-time fee and will amount to a total of $ 365 million.
This is less than some people predicted that tax will be raised. But it also sends a clear message that those who can afford to pay is expected to do so.
In other words, real estate again showed that it has power in Albany. But perhaps less than before.
Criminal Justice, Converted
Mr. Heastie, the first speaker of the Black Assembly in State History, said unequivocally in January that he would "have been a bad black man unless we reform the criminal justice system." On Sunday, he could have noted some serious changes.
Although the money deposit will not be completely canceled, as some would like, it will end for all, except for certain violent crimes. Mr Cuomo's office estimated that 90% of the people charged with a crime would no longer be tried in court.
Prosecutors will also be forced to reveal perhaps justifiable defense evidence much earlier in the process of discovery, and quick litigation will be guaranteed.
These are all major victories for advocacy groups and public advocates who noted that the Laws of York's opening had previously occupied fourth place in the country. Rebecca Brown, director of policy at the Innocence project, called the "transformational" package a Sunday package.
The Amazon deal is dead but neglect remain
When it comes to a description of how Mr Cuomo felt a sudden collapse of the plan to bring Amazon to New York, anger might seem too gentle
He called the opponents of the deal " ignorance "and" superficial ". He blew them up as politically motivated and insincere. He even suggested that Democrats in the Senate participated in the form of "government corruption," having voiced the opponent of the deal, Senator Michael Janaris from Queens, to a council with the possible veto over it.
And he continued to do his wrath on Sunday, due to the provision of the state budget, which gives him "complete freedom to immediately withdraw" a member of the board of directors to which Mr. Janaris has been appointed, if the governor has recognized that this member "acts or threatening to act, "" Any way beyond the scope of fiscal analysis. "
" Never was, "you come and you use your political wisdom." There was a very limited legal role, "said Mr. Cuomo on Sunday." And a person acting outside his legal role should not be in that role. "
So who is the great winner?
All (except, perhaps Republicans) declared Sunday's victory and, to a certain extent, everyone could do it
.Cuomo could claim victory for almost every priority he outlined in his state budget in January, he received a constant real estate tax limit, (limited) plan for public funding of campaigns and reform of the ward Avi. He could also put forward another peculiar budget, a special pride.
The majority of the Senate and the Assembly could reliably assert that they made this policy possible after many years of running its Republican Senate, and they are also likely to were not upset by an increase in wages of $ 10,000 that comes with a timely budget (although "timely" funds are the subject of some debate). Walking through the halls of the Capitol, meeting legislators and going to loud rallies, it would be possible to indicate concrete results
But the long-term power brokers of Albany also did not go empty-handed. They successfully talked with the sharia lawmakers and formulated a public funding program. Complete ethical reforms aimed at solving game-related scandals and the strengthening of freedom of information laws remain unresolved.
"This is a mixed bag," said Susan Lerner, executive director of Common Cause New York. groups "A more open, long process would probably have given us a stronger result.
"But I do not want to undermine the fact that we at least talk about these things and at least move some reforms"